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Table 3 Sociodemographics and clinical characteristics at baseline

From: Developmental and sequenced one-to-one educational intervention (DS1-EI) for autism spectrum disorder and intellectual disability: a two-year interim report of a randomized single-blind multicenter controlled trial

  DS1-EI group (N = 36) TAU group (N = 36) Test, p
Sociodemographics
 Sex: Female/Male 5 (13.9%) / 31 (86.1%) 6 (16.7%) / 30 (83.3%) Chi2, p = 1
 Age (in months) 82.4 (19.1) 87 (19.5) W = 546.5, p = .26
 Foreign language spoken at home (yes/no) 14 (38.9%) / 22 (61.1%) 18 (50%) / 18 (50%) Chi2, p = .48
 Associated disorder (yes/no) 6 (16.7%) / 30 (83.3%) 9 (25%) / 27 (75%) Chi2, p = .56
 Psychotropic medication (yes/no) 5 (13.9%) / 31 (86.1%) 6 (16.7%) / 30 (83.3%) Chi2, p = 1
 Education_(hours) 10 (3.3) 3.1 (4.3) W = 1067.5, p < .001
 Speech therapya 0.8 (0.8) 0.8 (0.7) W = 612, p = .83
 Psychotherapya 0.4 (0.6) 0.5 (0.7) W = 619, p = .7
 Psychomotricitya 0.7 (0.8) 1 (0.8) W = 520, p = .12
 Composite score of family support 2.2 (0.8) 2.1 (0.8) W = 678.5, p = .72
 Immigrant status (yes/no) 14 (38.9%) / 22 (61.1%) 18 (50%) / 18 (50%) Chi2, p = .48
 Composite parental education level 4.6 (1) 4.6 (1.2) W = 362.5, p = .99
Clinical characteristics
 DQ 30 (10) 30 (10) W = 692, p = .48
 CARS 40.6 (7.1) 40.2 (7.1) W = 681.5, p = .71
 ADI-R interaction 20.8 (5.8) 20.1 (5.8) W = 667, p = .67
 ADI-R communication 11.8 (4.1) 10.8 (3.2) W = 735.5, p = .22
 ADI-R stereotypies 6.4 (2.7) 5.8 (3.2) W = 693, p = .47
 PEP-3 composite com 17.6 (7.1) 18.4 (7.9) W = 600.5, p = .6
 PEP-3 composite mot 24.6 (8) 25.7 (7) W = 605, p = .63
 PEP-3 maladaptive 9.7 (4.6) 9.6 (4.5) W = 672.5, p = .79
 VABS communication 15 (7.7) 15 (5.8) W = 608.5, p = .66
 VABS autonomy 28.6 (10.6) 27.9 (10.5) W = 682, p = .71
 VABS socialization 15.2 (8.2) 14.6 (9) W = 704.5, p = .53
 VABS motricity 33.3 (10.1) 32 (9.8) W = 697.5, p = .58
 CGAS 25.8 (12) 24.8 (11) W = 696.5, p = .59
  1. DS1-EI Developmental and Sequenced One-to-One Educational Intervention, TAU Treatment as usual, DQ Developmental Quotient according to Vineland Developmental age relative to chronological age, ADI-R Autism diagnostic interview-revised, PEP-3 Psycho-educational profile, 3rd Edition, VABS Vineland adaptive behavior scale, CGAS Clinical global assessment score
  2. aMean number of session per week per participants