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Table 2 Bivariate analysis of factors affecting anxiety disorder scores in adolescents, by anxiety type, mean (standard deviation), (N = 968)

From: Anxiety related disorders in adolescents in the United Arab Emirates: a population based cross-sectional study

   Anxiety Panic Generalized Separation Social School avoidance
Gender Boys 18.9 (12)* 4.4 (4.1)* 4.5 (3.6)* 3.8 (2.8)* 4.2 (3.3)* 1.9 (1.8)*
Girls 25.3 (14.3)* 6.8 (5.4)* 6.2 (4.3)* 4.8 (3.1)* 5.2 (3.5)* 2.3 (1.8)*
Nationality Emirate 23.3 (13.9) 6.1 (5.2) 5.4 (4.1)* 4.6 (3.1)* 4.9 (3.4) 2.3 (1.8)*
Expatriate 22.7 (13.9) 5.8 (5.1) 6 (4.3)* 4.1 (2.9)* 4.8 (3.6) 2 (1.8)*
Age groups, years < 16 24.6 (13.6)* 6.3 (5.2) 6.2 (4.2)* 4.7 (3.1)* 5.2 (3.4)* 2.1 (1.9)
≥16 22.3 (14)* 5.8 (5.1) 5.3 (4.1)* 4.3 (3)* 4.7 (3.4)* 2.2 (1.8)
School Private 24 (14.4) 6.2 (5.3) 6.3 (4.4)* 4.4 (3.2) 5 (3.6) 2 (1.9)*
Public 22.3 (13.4) 5.8 (5) 5 (3.9)* 4.5 (2.9) 4.7 (3.3) 2.3 (1.8)*
Mother’s employment status Employed 23.1 (12.9) 5.8 (4.6) 5.9 (4) 4.4 (2.8) 4.8 (3.3) 2.1 (1.8)
Not employed 23.1 (14.2) 6 (5.3) 5.5 (4.2) 4.4 (3.1) 4.9 (3.5) 2.2 (1.8)
Economic status High 22.5 (13.8) 5.8 (5.2) 5.7 (4.2) 4.3 (3.1)* 4.7 (3.4) 2.1 (1.9)
Middle 23.2 (13.6) 6 (5) 5.6 (4.1) 4.5 (3)* 4.9 (3.4) 2.3 (1.8)
Low 28.1 (17.5) 7.4 (6.4) 6.2 (4.6) 5.7 (4.1)** 6.1 (3.4) 2.7 (2.1)
Maid Yes 24 (14)* 6.3 (5.2)* 5.7 (4.2) 4.6 (3.1)* 5 (3.4) 2.4 (1.8)*
No 21.6 (13.7)* 5.5 (5)* 5.4 (4.1) 4.1 (3)* 4.6 (3.5) 2 (1.9)*
Caregiver Mother only 24.6 (14)* 6.5 (5.2)* 5.6 (4.0)* 4.7 (3.0) 5.1 (3.4)* 2.4 (1.9)*
Father only 24.1 (13.6)* 6.5 (4.9)* 5.7 (4.0)* 4.1 (3.2) 5.2 (3.5)* 2.2 (1.4)*
Mother and father 20 (12.1)* 4.9 (4.3)* 4.0 (3.2)* 4.3 (2.8) 4.3 (3.2)* 2.2 (1.4)*
  Other 30.2 (17.1)* 9.0 (6.3)* 6.6 (4.6)* 4.9 (3.2) 6.03 (4.4)* 3.5 (2.8)*
Medical condition Yes 25.4 (14.5)* 6.7 (5.4)* 6.1 (4.9)* 4.9 (3.2)* 5.2 (3.7) 2.6 (1.7)*
No 22.2 (13.4)* 5.7 (5)* 5.2 (3.9)* 4.3 (2.9)* 4.7 (3.3) 2.2 (1.8)*
  1. * p ≤ .05