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Table 1 Selected sociodemographic characteristics of mothers of 6 to 59 months children (n = 398)

From: Severe acute malnutrition and its associated factors among children under-five years: a facility-based cross-sectional study

Characteristics Total Child with SAM P value
N (%) No Yes
398 100 94.2 5.8
Household factors
Place of residence      0.780
  Urban Municipality 236 59.3 94.5 5.5  
  Rural Municipality 162 40.7 93.8 6.2  
Family type      0.758
  Nuclear 178 44.7 93.8 6.2  
  Joint 220 55.3 94.5 5.5  
Family size      0.012
  Average family size (±SD) 5.7 (±2.6)   5.7 (±2.7) 6.5 (±2.1)  
   1–5 222 55.8 96.8 3.2  
   5 or more 222 44.2 90.9 9.1  
Number of children      0.003
  Average number of children (±SD) 2.1 (±1.3)   1.2 (±0.4) 1.5 (±0.5)  
   1–2 296 74.4 96.3 3.7  
   3 or more 102 25.6 88.2 11.8  
Household income      0.050
  < average (Rs 30,121) 294 73.9 92.9 7.1  
  >average 104 26.1 98.1 1.9  
Ethnicity      0.002
  Relatively advantaged (Brahmin/Chhetri) 143 35.9 98.6 1.4  
  Relatively disadvantaged (Janajati/Muslims) 155 38.9 94.2 5.8  
  Madhesi and other unidentified) 100 25.1 88.0 12.0  
Toilet facility      < 0.001
  Yes 323 81.2 96.3 3.7  
  No 75 18.8 85.3 14.7  
Land size (n = 205)      0.227
  Less than 0.5 ha 101 50.3 96 4  
  0.5 or more ha 100 49.8 92 8  
Kitchen garden      0.009
  Yes 225 56.5 96.9 3.1  
  No 173 43.5 90.8 9.2  
Food Insecurity      0.008
  Food secure 255 64.1 96.9 3.1  
  Mildly food insecure 41 10.3 92.7 7.3  
  Moderate food insecure 55 13.8 90.9 9.1  
  Severely food insecure 47 11.8 85.1 14.9  
Child factors
Sex of child      0.452
  Male 186 46.7 95.2 4.8  
  Female 212 53.3 93.4 6.6  
Child age (months)      0.018
  6–11 97 24.4 91.8 8.2  
  12–23 137 34.4 91.2 8.8  
  24–59 164 41.2 98.2 1.8  
Mean age in month (±SD) 24.3 (±15.4) 24.8 (±15.6) 15.6 (±8.2)  
Mean MUAC (mm) (±SD) 138.14 (±14.6) 139.7 (±13.4) 112.0 (±3.19)  
Birth Order      0.003
 1 185 46.5 97.8 2.2  
 2 123 30.9 93.5 6.5  
 3 or more 90 22.6 87.8 12.2  
Birth interval (n = 228)      0.168
 Less than 2 years 57 25.3 87.7 12.3  
 More than 2 years 168 74.7 93.5 6.5  
Maternal level factors
Mother’s age at child birth (years)      0.123
  15–20 49 12.3 89.8 10.2  
  21–29 232 58.3 93.5 6.5  
  30 and above 117 29.4 97.4 2.6  
Mother’s education      0.022
  No education 75 18.8 90.7 9.3  
  Literate 46 11.6 87 13  
  Primary 63 15.8 92.1 7.9  
  Secondary 117 29.4 97.4 2.6  
  Higher 97 24.4 97.9 2.1  
Early initiation of breastfeeding      0.722
  Delayed 159 40.0 93.7 6.3  
  Within an hour 239 60.1 94.6 5.4  
Exclusive breastfeeding      0.013
  Yes 270 67.8 92.2 7.8  
  Less than six months 128 32.2 98.4 1.6  
  1. *p value are based on the Pearson chi-square test