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Table 2 Demographic and clinical characteristics at time of hospital admission for children died from severe malnutrition (SAM)

From: Survival status and mortality predictors among severely malnourished under 5 years of age children admitted to Minia University maternity and children hospital

 Total SAM deaths, n (%)In-hospital deaths, n (%)Post-discharge deaths, n (%)
Age (months)
 6–11 m16 (80.0)11 (84.6)5 (71.4)
 12–24 m3 (15.0)1 (7.7)2 (28.6)
  > 24 m1 (5.0)1 (7.7)0 (0)
Sex
 Male13 (65.0)10 (76.9)3 (42.9)
 Female7 (35.0)3 (23.1)4 (57.1)
Residence
 Rural18 (90.0)12 (92.3)6 (85.7)
 Urban2 (10.0)1 (7.7)1 (14.3)
Socioeconomic score
 Low social standard17 (85.0)12 (92.3)5 (71.4)
 Middle social standard3 (15.0)1 (7.7)2 (28.6)
 High social standard0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)
Mother’s education
 Illiterate15 (75.0)11 (84.6)4 (57.1)
 Educated5 (25.0)2 (15.49)3 (42.9)
WAZ
  < −3SD16 (80.0)11 (84.6)5 (71.4)
 Not < −3SD4 (20.0)2 (15.4)2 (28.6)
WHZ
  < − 3SD19 (95.0)13 (100.0)6 (85.7)
Not < −3SD1 (5.0)0 (0.0)1 (14.3)
Edema
 Edematous malnutrition17 (85.0)11 (84.6)6 (85.7)
 Non-edematous malnutrition3 (15.0)2 (15.4)1 (14.3)
Co-morbidity/complication at admission
 Complicateda16 (80.0)10 (76.9)6 (85.7)
 No complications4 (20.0)3 (23.1)1 (14.3)
Length of hospital stayb14.1 ± 7.013.4 ± 6.115.3 ± 9.0
Time from admission to deathb26.5 ± 20.513.4 ± 6.150.9 ± 13.9
  1. aSAM complicated with one or more of the following comorbidities dehydration, bronchopneumonia, sepsis and others
  2. bMean SD, all such variables