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Table 3 Multivariable binary logistic regression analysis of the effects of socio-demographic and environmental associated risk factors of occurrence of diarrhoea among under-five children in rural Ethiopia

From: Socio-demographic, environmental and behavioural risk factors of diarrhoea among under-five children in rural Ethiopia: further analysis of the 2016 Ethiopian demographic and health survey

VariablesCOR(95% CI)AOR(95% CI)P-value for AOR
Current age of mother
 [15–24]
 25–340.90(0.77, 1.07)0.66(0.47, 0.930.016
 35–490.72(0.59, 0.88)**0.36(0.23, 0.58)0.000
Sex of child
 (Female)
 Male1.15(1.00, 1.33)*1.29(1.05, 1.58)0.013
Current age of child
 [> 35 month]
 < 6 month1.30(0.99, 1.71)1.34(0.91, 1.99)0.140
 6–113.30(2.63, 4.13)**3.54(2.58, 4.87)0.000
 12–233.13(2.59, 3.78)**3.07(2.33, 4.04)0.000
 24–351.95(1.58, 2.39)**1.72(1.26, 2.34)0.001
Region
 [Tigray]
 Afar0.90(0.67, 1.22)1.91(1.01, 3.64)0.047
 Amhara1.20(0.90, 1.61)1.51(0.93, 2.46)0.095
 Oromia1.01(0.77, 1.33)1.24(0.80, 1.91)0.338
 Somali0.55(0.40, 0.76)**0.42(0.22, 0.80)0.009
 Benishangul0.81(0.59, 1.12)0.95(0.60, 1.52)0.844
 SNNP1.290(.98, 1.69)1.39(.90, 2.15)0.134
 Gambela1.07(.76, 1.52)2.12(1.18, 3.81)0.012
 Harari1.06(.72, 1.55)0.89(0.49, 1.62)0.698
 Dire Dawa1.08(.71, 1.66)0.72(0.31, 1.65)0.440
Birth order number
 [1st order]
 2nd0.78(0.61, 1.01)0.91(0.62, 1.34)0.647
 3rd0.99(0.79, 1.27)1.48(0.98, 2.22)0.059
 4th0.97(0.76, 1.24)1.81(1.17, 2.79)0.007
 5th and above0.86(0.71, 1.05)1.85(1.22, 2.81)0.004
Toilet facilities shared with other households
 [No]
 Yes1.26(1.01, 1.58)*1.39(1.09, 1.77)0.008
No. of under 5 children*Age of mother
 [(2 or less)*(15–24)] 
 NoChildU5(≥3) by ageM(25–34) 2.46(0.96, 6.30)0.060
 NoChildU5(≥3) by ageM(35–49) 4.70(1.64, 13.45)0.004
  1. The reference categories are those indicated in square brackets
  2. *Statistically significant variables at p < 0.05; **statistically significant variables at p < 0.01