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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics related to under-five children and their bivariate analysis with the occurrence of diarrhoea in rural Ethiopia

From: Socio-demographic, environmental and behavioural risk factors of diarrhoea among under-five children in rural Ethiopia: further analysis of the 2016 Ethiopian demographic and health survey

Variables Had diarrhoea recentlyχ2-test
Counts (%)No (%)Yes (%)P-value
Current age of mother (year)   0.004
 15–241972(24.5)1724 (87.4)248 (12.6) 
 25–344080 (50.7)3610 (88.5)470(11.5) 
 35–491989(24.7)1803(90.6)186(9.4) 
Sex of child   0.042
 Male4103(51.0)3613(88.1)490(11.9) 
 Female3938(49.0)3524(89.5)414(10.5) 
Current age of child   0.000
 < 6 month891(11.1)816(91.6)75(8.4) 
 6–11801(10.0)650(81.1)151(18.9) 
 12–231517(18.9)1243(81.9)274(18.1) 
 24–351567(19.5)1378(87.9)189(12.1) 
 > 35 month3265(40.6)3050(93.4)215(6.6) 
Education of mother   0.050
 No formal education5801(72.1)5182(89.3)619(10.7) 
 Primary1912(23.8)1667(87.2)245(12.8) 
 Secondary270(3.4)235(87.0)35(13.0) 
 Higher58(0.7)53(91.4)5(8.6) 
Region   0.000
 Tigray820(10.2)726(88.5)94(11.5) 
 Afar879(10.9)787(89.5)92(10.5) 
 Amhara838(10.4)725(86.5)113(13.5) 
 Oromia1414(17.6)1250(88.4)164(11.6) 
 Somali1106(13.8)1032(93.3)74(6.7) 
 Benishangul765(9.5)692(90.5)73(9.5) 
 SNNP1104(13.7)946(85.7)158(14.3) 
 Gambela491(6.1)431(87.8)60(12.2) 
 Harari364(4.5)320(87.9))44(12.1) 
 Dire Dawa260(3.2)228(87.7)32(12.3) 
Number of under 5 children in a household   0.001
 2 or less6342(78.9)5589(88.1)753(11.9) 
 3 and above1699(21.1)1548(91.1)151(8.9) 
Wealth index of the household   0.015
 Poor5194(64.6)4649(89.5)545(10.5) 
 Middle1332(16.6)1167(87.6)165(12.4) 
 Rich1515(18.8)1321(87.2)194(12.8) 
Birth order number   0.185
 1st order1362(16.9)1195(87.7)167(12.3) 
 2nd1224(15.2)1103(90.1)121(9.9) 
 3rd1152(14.3)1011(87.8)141(12.2) 
 4th1062(13.2)935(88.0)127(12.0) 
 5th and above3241(40.3)2893(89.3)348(10.7) 
Religion   0.011
 Orthodox2108(26.20)1859(88.2)249(11.8) 
 Catholic46(0.6)40(87.0)6(13.0) 
 Protestant1492(18.6)1291(86.5)201(13.5) 
 Muslin4232(52.6)3801(89.8)431(10.2) 
 Traditional/other163(2.0)146(89.6)17(10.4) 
Mother’s current work status   0.053
 Not working6046(75.2)5390(89.1)656(10.9) 
 Working1995(24.8)1747(87.6)248(12.4) 
Mother’s marital status   0.242
 Married/Living with partner7659(95.2)6805(88.8)854(11.2) 
 Widowed/separated/never in union382(4.8)332(86.9)50(13.1) 
Number of household members   0.046
 5 and fewer3267(40.6)2872(87.9)395(12.1) 
 6 and above4774(59.4)4265(89.3)509(10.7) 
Child lives with whom   0.141
 Mother7904(98.30)7010(88.7)894(11.3) 
 Other caregiver137(1.70)127(92.7)10(7.3) 
Currently breastfeeding   0.002
 No2582(32.1)2333(90.4)249(9.6) 
 Yes5459(67.9)4804(88.0)655(12.0) 
  1. χ2 Chi-square