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Table 2 Items included in the self-regulation measure at 4–5 years and 6–7 years

From: Proximal and distal predictors of self-regulatory change in children aged 4 to 7 years

Construct Respondent Item
Impulsive Aggression Parent and teacher Often has temper tantrums/hot tempers
Parent and teacher Often fights with other children or bullies them
Parent and teacher Often argumentative with adults
Hyperactivity Parent and teacher Restless, overactive, cannot stay still for long
Parent and teacher Constantly fidgeting or squirming
Parent and teacher If this child is upset, it is hard to comfort him/her
Lack of Persistence & Inattention Parent and teacher The child likes to complete one task or activity before going on to the next (reversed)
Parent and teacher Sees takes through to the end, good attention span (reversed)
Parent and teacher The child stays with an activity (e.g., puzzle, construction, kit, reading) for a long time (reversed)
Parent, teacher, and observer Easily distracted, concentration wanders
Impulsivity Parent and teacher Can stop and think things out before acting (reversed)
Parent and teacher Shares readily with other children (reversed)
Observer Degree of negative mood (withdrawn, uncooperative, sulky, seeming upset, angry) to interview