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Table 3 Comparison of the mean score for anxiety before and after intervention in counselling and control groups

From: Effects of journal therapy counseling with anxious pregnant women on their infants’ sleep quality: a randomized controlled clinical trial

variable Counseling group
(n = 35)
Mean (SDc)
Control group
(n = 35)
Mean (SDc)
MD (95%CI)d P-value
Anxiety (score range: 0–60)
 Before intervention 19.3 (3.3) 18.5 (2.9) 0.8 (−0.7 to 2.0) 0.287a
 8 weeks after intervention 13.3 (5.4) 19.4 (5.4) −7.7 (−10.1 to −5.4) < 0.001b
 2 months after childbirth 12.4 (6.7) 18.8 (7.6)   
 4 months after childbirth 9.9 (5.5) 17.8 (7.4)   
  1. aIndependent t-test
  2. b Repeated measure ANOVA
  3. cStandard Deviation
  4. d Mean Difference (95% Confidence Interval)