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Table 3 Association between maternal vitamin A supplementation and occurrence of common childhood ailments in HIV-positive women, sub-Saharan Africa

From: Postpartum vitamin A supplementation for HIV-positive women is not associated with mortality and morbidity of their breastfed infants: evidence from multiple national surveys in sub-Saharan Africa

Supplementation statusDiarrhoeaOdds ratio (95% CI)
YesNoCrudeAdjusteda
 Freq%Freq%  
Supplemented (n = 287)227.726192.30.86 (0.50–1.48)0.89 (0.50–1.58)
Non-supplemented (n = 454)408.841491.211
 Fever  
 YesNo  
 Freq%Freq%  
Supplemented (n = 287)5619.523180.51.23 (0.84–1.80)1.19 (0.78–1.82)
Non-supplemented (n = 454)7516.537983.511
 ARI-related symptoms  
 YesNo  
 Freq%Freq%  
Supplemented (n = 287)269.126190.90.71 (0.43–1.16)0.65 (0.39–1.10)
Non-supplemented (n = 454)5612.339887.711
  1. aAdjusted for geographic region of the country, place of delivery, utilization of postnatal care, sex of the newborn, type of household sanitation facility, number of under five children in the household, frequency of watching television, age of the child and vaccination status of the child