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Table 3 Multilevel regression coefficients for the prediction of children’s social developmental (dichotomized DESK stanine scores)

From: Social developmental delays among 3 to 6 year old children in preschools in German social hotspots: results of a dynamic prospective cohort study

3-year-olds (n = 816)
predictorsbSE b95% CIp
sex−0.0539440.022676−0.098460, −0.0094270.018
Native language0.1728850.0675450.040289, 0.3054810.011
Regularity of preschool attendance0.0020570.061894−0.119439, 0.1235520.973
Presence of a disability or chronic disease0.2062420.0848480.039674, 0.3728100.015
DESK-score in language and cognition0.0935110.0254050.059371, 0.165191< 0.0001
DESK-score in fine motor0.0314550.0221070.007933, 0.1247150.155
DESK-score in gross motor0.1118110.0428000.052802, 0.2367660.009
4-year-olds (n = 999)
predictorsbSEb95% CIp
sex−0.0786740.021819−0.121493, −0.035855< 0.0001
Native language0.0731590.056233−0.037198, 0.1835150.194
Regularity of preschool attendance−0.1158270.052727−0.219300, − 0.0123550.028
Presence of a disability or chronic disease0.1077620.0522660.005192, 0.2103320.039
DESK-score in language and cognition0.0939280.0228500.058307, 0.151311< 0.0001
DESK-score in fine motor0.0595250.0220370.028812, 0.1229780.007
DESK-score in gross motor0.0717630.0307720.030968, 0.1663010.020
15/6-year-olds (n = 1761)
predictorsbSEb95% CIp
sex−0.0670840.015158−0.096815, −0.037353< 0.0001
Native language0.0434530.036386−0.027914, 0.1148200.233
Regularity of preschool attendance−0.0473340.036277−0.118487, 0.0238180.192
Presence of a disability or chronic disease0.1839730.0388990.107679, 0.260266< 0.0001
DESK-score in language and cognition0.0379370.0105290.022020, 0.065357< 0.0001
DESK-score in fine motor0.0738000.0208070.042469, 0.128245< 0.0001
DESK-score in gross motor0.0679030.0225870.035379, 0.1303260.003
  1. Notes
  2. Outcome variable: dichotomized DESK-Score in the social development (Coding: 0 = no finding (Stanine score between 3 and 9), 1 = reasonable findings or inconclusive finding (Stanine score of 1 or 2))
  3. Predictor variables: (1.) sex (Coding: 1 = boys, 2 = girls), (2.) the regularity of preschool attendance (Coding: 0 = unregular attendance, 1 = regular attendance), (3.) the native language (Coding: 1 = German, 2 = Non-German), (4.) presence of a chronic disease or disability (Coding: 0 = no, 1 = yes) and (5.) the dichotomized DESK stanine score for language and cognition (Coding: 0 = no finding (Stanine score between 3 and 9), 1 = reasonable findings or inconclusive finding (Stanine score of 1 or 2)) (6.) the dichotomized DESK stanine score for fine motor (Coding: 0 = no finding (Stanine score between 3 and 9), 1 = reasonable findings or inconclusive finding (Stanine score of 1 or 2)) (7.) the dichotomized DESK stanine score for gross motor (Coding: 0 = no finding (Stanine score between 3 and 9), 1 = reasonable findings or inconclusive finding (Stanine score of 1 or 2))