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Table 1 Clinical features and malnutrition status of children with CHD

From: Risk factors of malnutrition in Chinese children with congenital heart defect

VariablePatientsMaleFemaleP
Sex32521863 (57.3%)1389 (42.7%) 
Age(d)275 (1–3671)274 (1–3671)289 (2–3584)0.3
Weight (kg)8 (2–57)8 (2–56)7.9 (2–57)0.06
Height (cm)70 (40–146)70 (40–146)70 (40–142)0.56
Cyanotic CHD1408 (43.3%)560 (30.1%)848 (61.1%)< 0.0001
Acyanotic CHD1844 (56.7%)1303 (69.9%)541 (38.9%)
SV303 (9.3%)139 (7.4%)164 (11.8%) 4< 0.0001
Bi-V2949 (90.7%)1724 (92.6%)1225 (88.2%) 
WAZ−1.0 ± 1.5−0.9 ± 1.5−0.1 ± 1.50.48
WAZ < -2758 (23.3%)431 (23.1%)327 (23.5%)0.79
HAZ−0.9 ± 1.8−1.6 ± 1.8−0.8 ± 1.7< 0.0001
HAZ < -2758 (23.3%)426 (22.9%)332 (23.9%)0.49
WHZ−0.5 ± 1.6−0.6 ± 1.6− 0.4 ± 1.60.001
WHZ < -2466 (14.3%)287 (15.4%)179 (12.9%)0.04
VSD and ASD1614 (49.6%)712 (38.2%)902 (64.9%)0.009
Tetralogy of Fallot376 (11.6%)175 (9.4%)197 (14.2%) 
Pulmonary atresia134 (4.1%)77 (4.1%)57 (4.1%) 
  1. Data of age, weight, height was presented as median (min-max), data of WAZ, HAZ and WHZ was presented as mean ± standard deviations (x ± s), and other parameters in the table were presented as number (percentage)
  2. CHD congenital heart defect, SV single ventricle, Bi-V biventricle, WAZ weight for age Z score, HAZ height for age Z score, WHZ weight for height Z score, VSD ventricular septal defect, ASD atrial septal defect