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Table 2 Socioeconomic status PCA variables and factor scores

From: Factors associated with early childhood stunted growth in a 2012–2015 birth cohort monitored in the rural Msambweni area of coastal Kenya: a cross-sectional study

Variable DescriptionMean/FrequencyFactor Score
Maternal Education – mean ± SD
 School5.60 ± 4.040.161
 Religious School2.80 ± 3.250.034
Household – mean ± SD  
 Number of People per Room2.78 ± 1.05− 0.099
Cooking – n(%)
 Fuel
 Open Fire235 (96.3)−0.092
 Kerosene7 (2.9)0.065
 Unspecified2 (0.8)0.000
 Location
 Inside House = yes220 (90.2)0.027
Home – n(%)
 Floor Material
  Wood/Ceramic/Vinyl3 (1.2)0.026
  Cement/Concrete113 (46.3)0.274
  Earth/Sand/Clay/Mud/Dung127 (52.0)−0.277
  Unspecified1 (0.4)0.000
 Roof Material
  Metal/Tiles39 (16.0)0.141
  No Roof/Other95 (38.9)0.041
  Thatch Roof110 (45.1)−0.144
 Exterior Wall
  Stone/Other10 (4.1)0.001
  Cement/Concrete114 (46.7)0.284
  Mud120 (49.2)−0.284
Drinking Water Source - n (%)
 Water Collection
  Unprotected Dug Well/Surface Water8 (3.3)−0.061
  Protected Well85 (34.8)−0.11
  Tube Well/Bore Hole65 (26.6)−0.068
  Public Tap/Stand Pipe83 (34.0)0.2
  Piped Into Dwelling/Yard/Plot3 (1.2)−0.012
 Continuous Water = yes146 (59.8)− 0.1
 Pay for Water = yes132 (54.1)0.087
 Water in own yard/plot = yes80 (32.8)0.107
 Treat Water = yes172 (70.5)0.113
Other Water Source - n (%)
 Water Collection
  Surface Water/Other32 (13.1)−0.068
  Protected Spring/Rain Water/ Unprotected Dug Well10 (4.1)−0.038
  Protected Well84 (34.4)−0.081
  Tube Well/Bore Hole45 (18.4)−0.048
  Public Tap/Stand Pipe69 (28.3)0.201
  Piped into Dwelling/Yard/Plot3 (1.2)−0.012
  Unspecified1 (0.4)0.000
Sanitation - n (%)
 Toilet Facility
  No Facility120 (49.2)−0.202
  Pit Latrine without Slab81 (33.2)0.053
  Flush to somewhere else33 (13.5)0.182
  Flush/Pour-Flush/Pit Latrine with Slab/ Composting10 (4.1)0.068
 Shared Toilet = yes141 (57.8)−0.129
Assets - n (%)
 Electricity78 (32.0)0.199
 Iron49 (20.1)0.212
 Mattress234 (95.9)0.06
 Sofa33 (13.5)0.181
 Cupboard11 (4.5)0.156
 Table206 (84.4)0.077
 Electric Fan10 (4.1)0.138
 Radio125 (51.2)0.145
 Television41 (16.8)0.212
 Mobile Phone210 (86.1)0.091
 Fridge10 (4.1)0.164
 Watch or Clock24 (9.8)0.125
 Motorized Vehicle20 (8.2)0.087
 Bicycle97 (39.8)0.023
 Bank Account60 (24.6)0.176
 Agricultural Land174 (71.3)−0.066
 Coconut Trees149 (61.1)−0.037
 Acres of Land – mean ± SD2.40 ± 3.34−0.012
 Cows/Goats82 (33.6)0.072
 Chickens/Ducks144 (59.0)−0.018