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Table 1 Treatment for childhood illnesses according to background characteristics

From: Inequalities in health care utilization for common illnesses among under five children in Bangladesh

VariablesFever/CoughDiarrhea
Treatment, n (%)Total, n (%)Treatment, n (%)Total, n (%)
Child’s age in months
< 6136(52.92)257 (100)08(33.33)24(100)
6–8100(44.64)224(100)12(46.15)26(100)
9–1187(40.85)213(100)17(48.57)35(100)
12–17152(38.38)396(100)33(45.83)72(100)
18–23118(36.42)324(100)13(30.23)43(100)
24–35251(39.10)642(100)24(38.71)62(100)
36–47179(29.83)600(100)19(31.67)60(100)
48–59146(27.92)523(100)09(18.75)48(100)
 P < 0.001 P = 0.050 
Gender
Female550(36.50)1507(100)62(37.13)167(100)
Male619(37.02)1672(100)73(35.96)203(100)
 P = 0.759 P = 0.817 
Mother’s age
Less than 20191(37.67)507(100)25(39.68)63(100)
20–34898(37.15)2417(100)105(36.97)284(100)
Above 3480(31.37)255(100)5(21.74)23(100)
 P = 0.172 P = 0.292 
Mother’s Education
No education155(32.49)477(100)17(29.82)57(100)
Primary301(32.33)931(100)36(29.27)123(100)
Secondary546(37.37)1461(100)61(39.87)153,100)
Higher167(53.87)310(100)21(56.76)37,100)
 P < 0.001 P = 0.011 
Mother’s occupation
No formal occupation/ Housewife904(38.00)2379(100)117(39.39)297(100)
Professionals61(35.67)171(100)9(34.62)26(100)
Agriculture122(30.12)405(100)4(14.81)27(100)
Others80(36.04)222(100)5(25.00)20(100)
 P = 0.025 P = 0.052 
No. of children
1–2850(38.43)2212(100)103(40.23)256(100)
3–5303(34.55)877(100)31(29.52)105(100)
6 or above16(17.78)90(100)1(11.11)9(100)
 P < 0.001 P = 0.044 
No of children under 5
1809(37.13)2179(100)95(39.75)239(100)
2296(35.92)824(100)32(30.19)106(100)
364(36.36)176(100)8(32.00)25(100)
 P = 0.824 P = 0.209 
Place of residence
Rural707(32.30)2189(100)75(30.00)250(100)
Urban462(46.67)990(100)60(50.00)120(100)
 P < 0.001 P < 0.001 
Wealth index
Poorest196(27.41)715(100)24(27.27)88(100)
Poor191(32.21)593(100)20(24.39)82(100)
Middle236(36.31)650(100)24(36.92)65(100)
Richer264(39.88)662(100)25(38.46)65(100)
Richest282(50.45)559(100)42(60.00)70(100)
 P < 0.001 P < 0.001 
Division
Barisal129 (35.34)365(100)18(36.00)50(100)
Chittagong239(38.49)621(100)35(37.63)93(100)
Dhaka188(36.43)516(100)25(36.76)68(100)
Khulna125(37.20)336(100)12(42.86)28(100)
Rajshahi142(34.22)415(100)14(37.84)37(100)
Rangpur153(39.13)391(100)7(29.17)24(100)
Sylhet193(36.07)535(100)24(34.29)70(100)
 P = 0.761 P = 0.973 
Access to electronic media
Access33(60.00)55(100)4(44.44)9(100)
No access1136(36.36)3124(100)131(36.29)361(100)
 P = 0.000 P = 0.616 
Wanted last child
Wanted then665(42.09)1580(100)75(40.98)183(100)
Wanted later146(36.05)405(100)26(42.62)61(100)
Wanted no more86(33.46)257(100)11(28.21)39(100)
 P = 0.006 P = 0.287 
Birth order
First494(39.58)1248(100)69(46.00)150(100)
Second517(36.43)1419(100)53(31.74)167(100)
Third131(34.29)382(100)11(28.21)39(100)
Fourth27(20.77)130(100)2(14.29)14(100)
 P < 0.001 P = 0.009 
Religion
Muslim1074(36.43)2948(100)125(36.66)341(100)
Non-Muslim95(41.13)231(100)10(34.48)29(100)
 P = 0.154 P = 0.815 
Household size
1–4372(36.15)1029(100)45(38.79)116(100)
5–6396(34.80)1138(100)41(33.33)123(100)
Above 6401(39.62)1012(100)49(37.40)131(100)
 P = 0.060 P = 0.656 
Father’s highest education
No education230(29.34)784(100)28(29.17)96(100)
Primary337(33.60)1003(100)36(30.25)119(100)
Secondary394(40.25)979(100)40(37.74)106(100)
Higher207(50.24)412(100)31(63.27)49(100)
 P < 0.001 P < 0.001 
Distance of the nearest health facility
Within community1046(37.32)2803 (100)115(38.08)302(100)
1–3121(32.88)368(100)18(28.57)63(100)
4 and above2(25)8(100)2(40)5(100)
 P = 0.199 P = 0.357