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Table 2 Characteristics of municipal public schools in Northern Brazil, according to the BMI/A of the evaluated children, 2018. N = 1036

From: Multilevel analysis of factors that influence overweight in children: research in schools enrolled in northern Brazil School Health Program

Variables Thinness and Eutrophy Overweight and Obesity Total p Value
General Characteristics
 Administrative region
  North 172 (23.0%) 98 (34.0%) 270 (26.1%) < 0.001b
  Center-South 245 (32.8%) 101 (35.1%) 346 (33.4%)
  South 331 (44.3%) 89 (30.9%) 420 (40.5%)
  School shift
  Part-time 287 (38.4%) 142 (49.3%) 429 (41.4%) 0.001b
  Full-time 461 (61.6%) 146 (40.7%) 607 (58.6%)
 Number of enrolled students 728.0 (738.5–778.2) 711.4 (679.8–741.6) 697.0 (728.3–761.8) 0.011c
Physical activities offered
 Dance
  No 287 (38.4%) 143 (49.7%) 430 (41.5%) 0.001b
  Yes 461 (61.6%) 145 (50.3%) 606 (58.5%)  
 Body Practices
  No 294 (39.3%) 140 (48.6%) 434 (41.9%) 0.007b
  Yes 454 (60.7%) 148 (51.4%) 602 (58.1%)  
 Weekly physical activity
   < 3 classes 312 (41.7%) 152 (52.8%) 464 (44.8%) 0.001b
   > 3 classes 436 (58.3%) 136 (47.2%) 572 (55.2%)  
School feeding
 Number of meals
  1 meal/day 368 (49.2%) 176 (61.1%) 544 (52.5%) 0.001b
  3 meals/day 380 (50.8%) 112 (38.9%) 492 (47.5%)  
 Cafeteria at school
  Absent or inadequate 297 (39.7%) 139 (48.3%) 436 (42.1%) 0.012b
  Adequate 451 (60.3%) 149 (51.7%) 600 (57.9%)  
Food sale in school surroundings
 Food outlets
  No 125 (16.7%) 35 (12.2%) 160 (15.4%) 0.069b
  Yes 623 (83.3%) 253 (87.8%) 876 (84.6%)  
 Juices and soft drinks sale
  No 645 (86.2%) 262 (91.0%) 907 (87.5%) 0.038b
  Yes 103 (13.8%) 26 (9.0%) 129 (12.5%)  
Sweetened beverages sale
  No 350 (46.8%) 146 (50.7%) 496 (47.9%) 0.260b
  Yes 398 (53.2%) 142 (49.3%) 540 (52.1%)  
 Fried snacks sale
No 338 (45.2%) 153 (53.1%) 491 (47.4%) 0.022b
Yes 410 (54.8%) 135 (46.9%) 545 (52.6%)  
Processed snacks sale
No 382 (51.1%) 138 (47.9%) 520 (50.2%) 0.363b
Yes 366 (48.9%) 150 (52.1%) 516 (49.8%)  
Candy sale
 No 173 (23.1%) 46 (16.0%) 219 (21.1%) 0.011b
 Yes 575 (76.9%) 242 (84.0%) 817 (78.9%)  
School garden
 Garden for school feeding
  No 314 (42.0%) 143 (49.7%) 457 (44.1%) 0.026b
  Yes 434 (58.0%) 145 (50.3%) 579 (55.9%)  
 Leafy vegetables cultivation
  No 314 (42.0%) 143 (49.7%) 457 (44.1%) 0.026b
  Yes 434 (58.0%) 145 (50.3%) 579 (55.9%)  
 Legumes cultivation
  No 459 (61.4%) 199 (69.1%) 658 (63.5%) 0.021b
  Yes 289 (38.6%) 89 (30.9%) 378 (36.5%)  
Tuber cultivation
 No 615 (82.2%) 254 (88.2%) 869 (83.9%) 0.019b
 Yes 133 (17.8%) 34 (11.8%) 167 (16.1%)  
SHP actions performed at school
 Nutritional state assessment
  No 659 (88.1%) 239 (83.0%) 898 (86.7%) 0.868b
  Yes 89 (11.9%) 49 (17.0%) 138 (13.3%)  
 Healthy eating promotion
  No 536 (71.7%) 206 (71.5%) 742 (71.6%) 0.967b
  Yes 212 (28.3%) 82 (28.5%) 294 (28.4%)  
 Childhood obesity prevention
  No 718 (96.0%) 283 (98.3%) 1001 (96.6%) 0.069b
  Yes 30 (4.0%) 5 (1.7%) 35 (3.4%)  
 Health Week at school
 No 388 (51.9%) 136 (47.2%) 524 (50.6%) 0.180b
 Yes 360 (48.1%) 152 (52.8%) 512 (49.4%)  
 Science Fair
  No 37 (4.9%) 18 (6.3%) 55 (5.3%) 0.402b
  Yes 711 (95.1%) 270 (93.7%) 981 (94.7%)  
 Held Food Week
  No 379 (50.7%) 123 (42.7%) 502 (48.5%) 0.022b
  Yes 369 (49.3%) 165 (57.3%) 534 (51.5%)  
SHP actions performed in the Primary Health Care
 Nutritional state assessment
  No 535 (71.5%) 182 (63.2%) 717 (69.2%) 0.009b
  Yes 213 (28.5%) 106 (36.8%) 319 (30.8%)  
 Healthy eating promotion
  No 519 (69.4%) 211 (73.3%) 730 (70.5%) 0.220b
  Yes 229 (30.6%) 77 (26.7%) 306 (29.5%)  
  1. Note: aNumbers with percentages or medians with 95% confidence interval; bChi-squared test; cStudent’s t-test. BMI/A Body Mass Index for Age