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Table 3 Mortality among children with severe acute malnutrition admitted to Mulago hospital

From: Mortality among children under five years admitted for routine care of severe acute malnutrition: a prospective cohort study from Kampala, Uganda

VariableDead n/Na% (95% CI)P value
Age (months)
  < 68/3225 (0.1–0.4)0.990
 6–2350/19725.4 (0.2–0.3) 
  ≥ 249/3724.3 (0.1–0.4) 
HIV status
 Positive15/3246.9 (28.6–65.2)0.003
 Negative42/23422.2 (16.9–27.6) 
HIV status awareness at admission
 Positive and aware at admission10/1566.7 (6.3–60.4)0.035
 Positive and not aware5/1729.4 (5.3–53.6) 
ART status at admission
 On ART7/1070 (4.6–64.6)0.077
 Not on ART8/2236.4 (14.5–58.2) 
HIV exposure
HEI and HIV negative
 HEI9/1747.1 (23.5–72)0.004
 HIV negative52/23422.2 (17.3–28) 
HEUc and HIV negative
 HEU8/2236.4 (40.5–81.8)0.094
 HIV negative44/21220.8 (15.7–26.8) 
Edematous
 Edematous23/12218.9 (11.8–25.9)0.028
 None44/14430.6 (22.9–38.2) 
Diarrhea
 Yes24/11628.7 (64–78.7)0.137
 No43/15020.7 (13.2–28.1) 
Hemoglobin levels (g/dl)
  < 712/3633.3 (17.2–49.5)0.25
  ≥ 755/22624.3 (18.7–30) 
Hemoglobin levels (g/dl)
  < 46/966.7 (28.2–71.7)0.004
  ≥ 461/25324 (18.8–29.4) 
  1. aN=Number of participants in each category whose outcome was known, b One of the HIV positive patients was lost to follow up, c One of the HEU children was lost to follow up