Skip to main content

Table 1 History and clinical examination findings of children with severe acute malnutrition admitted to Mulago hospital at enrolment

From: Mortality among children under five years admitted for routine care of severe acute malnutrition: a prospective cohort study from Kampala, Uganda

Variablen/NPercentage
Weight loss24390
Cough19170.7
Diarrhea15155.9
Fever14252.6
Appetite loss13349.3
Vomiting12747
Skin rash6423.7
Convulsions269.6
Loss of consciousness51.9
Difficulty in breathing4717.4
Abdominal pain5721.1
Medical history
 Chronic illness excluding HIV53412.6
 Received treatment prior to admission4115.2
Temperature (°C): N = 263
 Normal (35–37.4)17767.3
 Hypothermia (< 35 °C)93.4
 Hyperthermia (≥37.5 °C)7729.3
MUACa (cm): N = 237
 Less than 11.513858.2
 11.5 and above9941.8
Weight for Height/ Length (Z score)
  ≤ −321077.8
  > −36022.2
Signs of Vitamin A deficiency51.9
Grade of edemab
 Grade I2217.9
 Grade II4536.6
 Grade III5645.5
Shock72.6
Dehydration9836.3
Visible wasting21278.5
Dermatosis11944.1
Thrush6122.6
Pallor (palmar and/or conjunctiva)14353
Jaundice72.6
Signs of Respiratory Distress4817.8
Abnormal breath soundsc4416.4
Abnormal heart soundsd72.6
Abnormal motor findings217.8
Abdominal Distension5721.1
  1. Chronic illness include congenital heart defects, cerebral palsy, epilepsy, and hernia, N = 270, unless otherwise stated due to missing data, aMUAC Mid Upper Arm Circumference, bN = 123 (nuber of children with oedema)c Abnormal breath sounds: rhonchi, crepitations; d Abnormal heart sounds: murmurs