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Table 1 Distribution of studies on the prevalence and determinants of pneumonia among under five children in East Africa, 2000–2019

From: Prevalence of pneumonia and its associated factors among under-five children in East Africa: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Author/Reference Year Country Study design Sample size Prevalence (%) Quality score
Shah et al [21] 2012 Eritrea Cross-sectional 1502 29 5/8
Negash et al [22] 2019 Ethiopia Cohort 362 21.5 9/11
Abaye et al [23] 2019 Ethiopia Cross-sectional 477 18.4 6/8
Lema et al [24] 2019 Ethiopia Cross-sectional 344 17.7 7/8
Fekadu et al [25] 2014 Ethiopia Cross-sectional 286 16.1 7/8
Dadi et al [26] 2014 Ethiopia Case control 356   7/8
Geleta et al [27] 2016 Ethiopia case control 382   8/8
Shibre et al [10] 2015 Ethiopia Cross-sectional 458 5.5 6/8
Tegenu et al [28] 2018 Ethiopia Cross-sectional 306 28.1 5/8
Abuka et al [29] 2017 Ethiopia Cross-sectional 206 33.5 7/8
Workineh et al [30] 2017 Ethiopia Case control 558   7/10
Markos et al [31] 2019 Ethiopia Case control 435   7/10
Gedefaw et al [32] 2015 Ethiopia Case control 244   8/10
Tadesse et al [33] 2015 Ethiopia Cross-sectional 150 26.7 8/8
Adhanom et al [34] 2019 Ethiopia Cross-sectional 252 43.7 5/8
Lenda et al [35] 2018 Ethiopia Cross-sectional 458 17.6 8/8
Deribew et al [36] 2007 Ethiopia case control 168 22.6 9/10
MANYA et al [37] 2005 Kenya case control 188   7/10
Keter et al [38] 2015 Kenya Cross-sectional 422 67.1 6/8
Onyango et al [39] 2012 Kenya case control 206   7/10
Muthumbi et al [40] 2017 Kenya Cross-sectional 1483   7/8
Ndungu et al [41] 2018 Kenya Cross-sectional 323 74.3 6/8
Walekhwa et al [42] 2019 Kenya Cross-sectional 206 20.39 7/8
Sikolia et al [43] 2002 Kenya Cross-sectional 300 69.7 6/8
Ásbjörnsdóttir et al [11] 2012 Kenya Cohort 365 89.8 10/11
Kinyoki et al [44] 2017 Somalia Cross-sectional 73,778 17 6/8
Gritly et al [45] 2018 Sudan Cross-sectional 40 65 7/8
Salih et al [46] 2014 Sudan Cross-sectional 195 10.32 5/8
Gabbad et al [47] 2014 Sudan Cross-sectional 282 20.2 7/8
Deng et al [48] 2019 Sudan case control 108   8/10
Ndosa et al [49] 2015 Tanzania Cross-sectional 12.3   5/8
Lugangira et al [50] 2017 Tanzania Cross-sectional 1130 22 8/8
Lindstrand et al [51] 2018 Uganda Cross-sectional 1723 56 6/8
Tuhebwe et al [52] 2014 Uganda Cross-sectional 278 9.4 7/8