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Table 4 Neonatal Mortality and Morbidity

From: Feasibility of combining two individualized lung recruitment maneuvers at birth for very low gestational age infants: a retrospective cohort study

 VLGAI29- to 31-wk stratumELGAI
Period 1
N = 91
Period 2
N = 72
Period 1
N = 43
Period 2
N = 30
Period 1
N = 48
Period 2
N = 42
Physiologic BPD at 36 weeks GA, n (%)15 (16)2 (3) *##4 (9)0 (0)11 (23)2 (5) *#
Mortality, n (%)10 (11)9 (13)1 (2)1 (3)9 (19)8 (19)
Mortality within the first 72 h, n (%)4 (4)2 (3)1 (2)0 (0)3 (6)2 (5)
BPD and/or mortality, n (%)25 (27)11 (15)5 (12)1 (3)20 (42)10 (24)
Pneumothorax, n (%)1 (1)2 (3)0 (0)0 (0)1 (2)2 (5)
Treated PDA, n (%)15 (17)13 (18)0 (0)2 (7)15 (31)11 (26)
NEC ≥ grade 2a, n (%)4 (4)4 (6)1 (2)1 (3)3 (6)3 (7)
IVH > grade 2, n (%)3 (3)3 (4)0 (0)0 (0)3 (6)3 (7)
Periventricular leukomalacia, n (%)4 (4)0 (0)2 (4)0 (0)2 (4)0 (0)
ROP > grade 2, n (%)1 (1)0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)1 (2)0 (0)
  1. VLGAI Very low gestational age infants < 32 weeks, BPD Bronchopulmonary dysplasia, PDA Patent ductus arteriosus, NEC Necrotizing enterocolitis, IVH Intraventricular hemorrhage, ROP Retinopathy of prematurity; *#: p and adjusted p < 0.05; *##: p and adjusted p < 0.01