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Table 3 Appropriateness of care, for antibiotic overuse indicators, 2012–2013

From: Assessing the appropriateness of paediatric antibiotic overuse in Australian children: a population-based sample survey

ConditionIndicator IDIndicator descriptionNo. of ChildrenNo. of VisitsProportion Adherent
% (95% CI)
Acute GastroenteritisAGE22Children with gastroenteritis and no signs of infection were not prescribed antibiotics.60475797.8 (95.6, 99.1)
AsthmaASTH16Children aged > 2 years who presented with an acute exacerbation of asthma did not receive antibiotics unless they had another condition requiring antibiotic therapya11915047.1 (33.4, 61.1)
BronchiolitisBRON25Infants (aged < 12 months) with mild to moderate bronchiolitis caused by a viral infection were not prescribed antibiotics.33448486.1 (74.8, 93.7)
CroupCROU16Children diagnosed with croup were not treated with antibiotics.72497384.5 (59.2, 97.1)
EczemaECZE07Children with atopic eczema and no signs of infection were not prescribed antibiotics.49962299.5 (98.5, 99.9)
FeverFEVE29Children aged > 3 years with a fever (over 38°), no clinical focus and who were well were not prescribed antibiotics.11112678.8 (51.1, 95.0)
Otitis MediaOTIT05Children with AOM aged > 12 months who were mildly unwell were not prescribed antibiotics.41748713.8 (5.1, 28.0)
TonsillitisTONS02Children with a sore throat and with no other symptoms or signs of tonsillitis were not prescribed antibiotics.14415940.9 (16.9, 68.6)
TONS04Children aged < 4 years with a sore throat and associated cough who did not require hospitalisation were not prescribed antibiotics.17921614.3 (9.9, 19.7)
TONS07Children who had a tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy were not administered perioperative antibiotics.77Insufficient data
Overall overuse indicators2621393561.9 (47.8, 74.7)
  1. Legend: AOM acute otitis media
  2. aThe wording of the original indicator has been amended for clarity and consistency with other indicators – the original wording can be found in Table 1