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Table 5 Multivariable analysis for predictors of neonatal mortality among neonates admitted to the NICU of public hospitals in eastern Ethiopia, 2018 [n = 489]

From: Cause and predictors of neonatal mortality among neonates admitted to neonatal intensive care units of public hospitals in eastern Ethiopia: a facility-based prospective follow-up study

Neonatal mortality
CharacteristicsDiedImprovedCORAORP-value
Maternal Age
 21–30 years512281  
  < 20 years29801.62(0.96, 2.73)1.50(0.67, 3.34).335
 31–40 years17780.97(0.53, 1.78)1.85(0.76, 4.48).212
  > 40 years150.89(0.10, 7.82)2.40(0.23, 24.89).532
Marital status
 Married8836411 
 Single9191.96(0.86, 4.48)1.33(0.35, 5.03).766
 Others180.52(0.06, 4.18)1.62(0.15, 16.94).543
Parity
 Multi-Para5023311 
 Primi-para481581.42(0.91, 2.21)1.94(0.93, 4.05).680
Place of delivery
 Inborn (in this hospital)25312711 
 Other facility46410.56(0.29, 1.09)0.50(0.17, 1.51).275
 Home1660.35(0.08, 1.53)0.26(0.03, 2.40).205
Duration of labor
 4–12 hrs.17711111 
 less than 4 hrs.27160.80(0.35, 1.81)0.45(0.12, 1.63).225
 More than 12 hrs.111470.69(0.41, 1.14)0.62(0.30, 1.25).184
Mode of delivery
 Spontaneous vaginal22111711 
 Cesarean section79431.23(0.73, 2.05)1.00(0.47, 2.10).460
 Instrumental15142.78(1.24, 6.17)1.34(0.40, 4.44).944
Length of hospital stay
 4–7 days1725711 
  < 3 days68924.03(2.43, 6.67)3.63(1.82, 7.22) *.000
  > 7 days75250.77(0.35, 1.63)0.61(0.23, 1.58).310
Gestational age at birth
 Term (37-42 weeks)2279211 
 Preterm (< 37 weeks)82783.56(2.23,5.66)2.78(1.17, 6.56) *.020
 Post term (> 42 weeks)644.65(1.25,17.19)4.54(0.83, 24.70).051
Birth weight
 2500–3999 g2118611 
 Less than 2499 g77863.46(2.17, 5.49)2.39(1.04, 5.49) *.040
  ≥ 4000 g2720.23(0.03, 1.73)0.67(0.06, 6.80).858
5 min. APGAR score
 7–101886311 
  ≤ 668655.62(3.32, 9.47)5.18(2.51, 10.66) *.000
 Unrecorded59461.33(0.67, 2.60)2.50(0.82, 7.54).092
Temperature on admission
 36.5–37.5c0642811 
  < 36.5c02181323.37(1.56, 7.23)2.75(0.97, 7.78).057
  > 37.5c033141.25(0.38, 4.05)6.68(1.35, 33.13) *.020
Initiation of Feeding
 EBF2376411 
 NPO539916.71(9.32, 29.94)12.16(5.98, 24.70) *.000
 FF25112.69(0.93, 7.80)1.71(0.47, 6.15).077
  1. *statistically significant at P ≤ 0.05; EBF exclusive breastfeeding, NPO nothing per month, FF formula feeding