Skip to main content

Table 3 Participation and Environment Measure for Children and Youth (PEM-CY) and the relationship with topography, GMFCS and pain

From: A prospective study investigating gross motor function of children with cerebral palsy and GMFCS level II after long-term Botulinum toxin type A use

 n (%)Participation and Environment Measure for Children and Youth (PEM-CY)
Home AverageSchool AverageCommunity Average
median (IQR)p valuemedian (IQR)p valuemedian (IQR)p value
Total PEMCY Complete25 (89%)6.1 (5.4, 6.5)NA3.6 (3.4, 4.6)NA2.2 (1.6, 3.0)NA
Topography
 Diplegia14 (56.0%)6.1 (5.2, 6.5)0.8263.5 (3.0, 5.0)0.6592.1 (1.6, 3.9)0.510
 Hemiplegia10 (40.0%)6.2 (5.4, 6.5)3.8 (3.4, 4.4)2.5 (2.1, 3.0)
GMFCS
 I5 (20.0%)6.2 (5.4, 6.5)0.8643.4 (3.4, 4.4)0.7842.8 (1.4, 3.0)0.634
 II20 (80.0%)6.1 (5.3, 6.5)3.7 (3.2, 4.6)2.2 (1.8, 3.5)
Pain Present
 0(NA)2 (8.0%)6.4 (6.4, 6.4)0.3973.7 (3.4, 4.0)0.9536.0 (5.2, 6.5)0.398
 1 (Yes)8 (32.0%)6.2 (6.0, 6.6)3.6 (3.1, 5.1)3.6 (3.4, 4.6)
 2 (No)15 (60.0%)6.0 (5.2, 6.5)3.6 (3.4, 4.6)2.2 (1.6, 2.8)
BMI
 normal weight19 (76.0%)6.2 (5.4, 6.5)0.6593.6 (3.4, 4.6)0.9032.2 (1.6, 3.0)0.781
 overweight4 (16.0%)6.0 (5.2, 6.2)3.7 (3.2, 5.3)2.3 (1.4, 3.8)
 obese2 (8.0%)5.9 (5.0, 6.7)3.7 (3.2, 4.2)3.2 (2.1, 4.4)