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Table 3 Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis of the association between food groups and stunting, wasting and underweight

From: The influence of dietary diversity on the nutritional status of children between 6 and 23 months of age in Tanzania

VariableStunting (HAZ < -2SD)Wasting (WHZ < -2SD)Underweight (WAZ < -2SD)
CrudeModelaCrudeModelaCrudeModela
OR (95% CI)AOR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)AOR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)AOR (95% CI)
FOOD GROUPS
 Grains roots and tubers
  YESRef.Ref.Ref.Ref.Ref.Ref.
  NO0.89 (0.67–1.17)1.05 (0.78–1.41)1.59 (1.01–2.52)*1.62 (1.02–2.58)*1.22 (0.86–1.72)1.34 (0.94–1.90)
 Legumes and nuts
  YESRef.Ref.Ref.Ref.Ref.Ref.
  NO0.9 (0.77–1.06)0.96 (0.81–1.14)1.4 (1.0–1.96)*1.38 (0.98–1.94)1.1 (0.87–1.35)1.1 (0.89–1.39)
 Milk and Dairy products
  YESRef.Ref.Ref.Ref.Ref.Ref.
  NO1.38 (1.13–1.67)**1.34 (1.09–1.63)**1.26 (0.85–1.86)1.24 (0.83–1.83)1.26 (0.97–1.64)1.22 (0.94–1.59)
 Meat and flesh
  YESRef.Ref.Ref.Ref.Ref.Ref.
  NO1.07 (0.91–1.26)1.27 (1.07–1.53)**1.0 (0.73–1.38)0.97 (0.7–1.34)0.98 (0.79–1.22)1.04 (0.89–1.3)
 Eggs
  YESRef.Ref.Ref.Ref.Ref.Ref.
  NO1.37 (0.99–1.89)1.46 (1.05–2.03)*1.92 (0.89–4.15)1.95 (0.9–4.23)2.1 (1.24–3.52)**2.1 (1.29–3.69)**
 Vitamin A rich fruits and vegetables
  YESRef.Ref.Ref.Ref.Ref.Ref.
  NO0.93 (0.79–1.1)1.18 (0.99–1.41)1.29 (0.95–1.76)1.29 (0.94–1.78)1.29 (1.04–1.59)*1.46 (1.17–1.83)**
 Other fruits and vegetables
  YESRef.Ref.Ref.Ref.Ref.Ref.
  NO1.01 (0.83–1.22)1.07 (0.88–1.31)0.88 (0.61–1.26)0.9 (0.63–1.29)1.06 (0.82–1.37)1.11 (0.86–1.44)
  1. **P < .01, *P < .05; aAdjusted for age, gender, diarrhea and fever; CI confidence interval, OR Odds ratio, AOR Adjusted Odds ratio, Ref reference category, HAZ Height-for-Age Z-scores, WHZ Weight-for-Height Z-scores, WAZ Weight-for-Age Z-scores, SD Standard deviation