Skip to main content

Table 2 Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis of the association between dietary diversity and stunting, wasting and underweight

From: The influence of dietary diversity on the nutritional status of children between 6 and 23 months of age in Tanzania

 Stunting (HAZ < −2SD)Wasting (WHZ < −2SD)Underweight (WAZ < −2SD)
Diversity scorenOR (95% CI)AORa (95% CI)nOR (95% CI)AORa (95% CI)nOR (95% CI)AORa (95% CI)
018Ref.Ref.8Ref.Ref.11Ref.Ref.
1930.8 (0.43–1.47)0.65 (0.35–1.23)290.56 (0.24–1.3)0.5 (0.21–1.18)540.7 (0.37–1.6)0.67 (0.32–1.39)
22850.94 (0.53–1.69)0.57 (0.31–1.05)500.34 (0.15–0.76)**0.3 (0.13–0.7)**1340.69 (0.35–1.38)0.52 (0.26–1.06)
33111.08 (0.61–1.94)0.61 (0.33–1.12)510.35 (0.15–0.78)*0.32 (0.14–0.73)**1360.71 (0.35–1.41)0.52 (0.26–1.05)
41660.91 (0.5–1.64)0.49 (0.26–0.91)*310.35 (0.15–0.82)*0.32 (0.13–0.76)*670.56 (0.27–1.14)0.4 (0.19–0.83)*
5460.68 (0.35–1.31)0.36 (0.18–0.72)**90.3 (0.11–0.82)*0.26 (0.09–0.74)*190.46 (0.20–1.04)0.32 (0.14–0.74)**
660.44 (1.55–1.25)0.25 (0.85–0.72)*10.17 (0.02–1.49)0.16 (0.19–1.38)10.12 (0.01–0.98)*0.09 (0.01–0.74)*
720.51 (0.9–2.67)0.26 (0.05–1.38)010.44 (0.51–3.88)0.31 (0.03–2.7)
Minimum Dietary DiversityOR (95% CI)AORa (95% CI) OR (95% CI)AORa (95% CI) OR (95% CI)AORa (95% CI)
YES (≥4 food groups)Ref.Ref. Ref.Ref. Ref.Ref.
NO (< 4 food groups)1.19 (0.99–1.42)1.37 (1.13–1.65)** 1.19 (0.83–1.71)1.18 (0.82–1.69) 1.4 (1.08–1.79)**1.49 (1.15–1.92)**
  1. **P < .01, *P < .05; aAdjusted for age, gender, diarrhea and fever, CI confidence interval, OR Odds ratio, AOR Adjusted Odds ratio, Ref reference category. Both models fit the data equally well (all P > 0.10 in likelihood ratio test); HAZ Height-for-Age Z-scores, WHZ Weight-for-Height Z-scores, WAZ Weight-for-Age Z-scores, SD Standard deviation.