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Table 2 Average 10-item ACE scores for children with common eleven comorbid diagnoses between FASD and non-FASD children

From: Association of adverse childhood experiences and neurodevelopmental disorders in people with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) and non-FASD controls

11 Most Common DiagnosesFASDNon-FASDtp
NMeanS.D.nMeanS.D.
ADHD845.362.60671.782.129.12<.001
Oral Comprehension745.532.47531.551.959.76<.001
Sleep Disorder625.562.56551.802.268.39<.001
Cognitive Impairment604.852.58321.872.255.49<.001
Vision Problems525.632.63291.481.927.46<.001
Anxiety Disorder405.752.71401.481.978.07<.001
Speech Difficulties425.502.50381.551.867.95<.001
Enuresis265.112.83231.481.535.48<.001
Language Problems225.552.79241.291.816.19<.001
Memory316.002.4871.711.984.27<.001
Depression225.862.27141.792.015.48<.001
Learning Disability125.173.27131.851.863.15.004
Autism45.001.41200.901.834.20<.001
Intellectual Disability105.302.21101.102.184.27<.001
Hearing Disorder105.502.59100.900.885.32<.001
Total Diagnoses
 0 to 3 Dx124.752.63362.112.283.34.002
 4 to 6 Dx465.132.42491.201.579.45<.001
 7 to 11 Dx405.752.67202.102.275.24<.001
  1. Other Diagnoses not shown: Verbal/Performance Discrepancy (≥ 15 points), Tremors, Tics, Tourette’s Syndrome, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Encopresis, Cerebral Palsy, Alcohol Abuse, Substance Abuse, and Tobacco Use