Skip to main content

Table 3 Bivariate random-effects model comparing skin integrity measures throughout the entire study period by oil group, Sarlahi, Nepal

From: Impact of sunflower seed oil versus mustard seed oil on skin barrier function in newborns: a community-based, cluster-randomized trial

Skin Barrier Integrity MeasureTotal< 34 Weeks34–36 Weeks≥37 Weeks
N = 500 (MO)N = 56 (MO)N = 148 (MO)N = 294 (MO)
N = 495 (SSO)N = 56 (SSO)N = 139 (SSO)N = 296 (SSO)
β95%CIβ95%CIβ95%CIβ95%CI
TEWL (g/m2/hr)1.11−1.25,3.473.81−3.23,10.85−0.43−4.56,3.691.09−1.78,3.96
Skin pH0.06− 0.01,0.120.01− 0.12,0.150.14***0.024,0.250.03−0.05,0.10
Protein concentration (μg/cm2)0.97*0.44,1.490.84−0.79,2.461.27**0.33,2.210.83*0.16,1.50
Chest erythema score−0.0003−0.05,0.050.03−0.11,0.18− 0.008−0.12,0.10− 0.0001−0.07,0.07
Chest rash score0.003−0.05,0.06−0.15− 0.30,0.0070.003− 0.10,0.110.03− 0.04,0.10
Chest dryness score0.004−0.009,0.02−0.03− 0.07,0.0080.01− 0.008,0.030.006− 0.01,0.02
Left arm erythema score−0.0008− 0.06,0.06−0.0007− 0.15,0.150.02− 0.10,0.13−0.007− 0.08,0.06
Left arm rash score−0.02− 0.08,0.04−0.15− 0.32,0.020.01− 0.11,0.13−0.01− 0.09,0.06
Left arm dryness score0.02−0.01,0.06−0.03− 0.12,0.070.01− 0.04,0.060.04− 0.01-0.09
Right leg erythema score−0.001− 0.06,0.060.04− 0.12,0.21−0.02− 0.13,0.100.005− 0.07,0.08
Right leg rash score−0.02− 0.07,0.04−0.10− 0.25,0.05−0.01− 0.11,0.09−0.003− 0.07,0.07
Right leg dryness score0.02−0.005,0.040.02−0.006,0.040.01−0.03,0.050.02−0.01,0.05
  1. 1 Reference Group: Mustard Oil Group, *p < 0.001 **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.05