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Table 1 Baseline household, maternal, and newborn characteristics of neonates by oil groups, Sarlahi, Nepal

From: Impact of sunflower seed oil versus mustard seed oil on skin barrier function in newborns: a community-based, cluster-randomized trial

 Oil Randomization Group
Mustard OilSunflower Oil
n(%)n(%)
Ethnic GroupN = 500 N = 494 
 Pahadi234.6377.5
 Madeshi47795.445792.5
Maternal literacyN = 500 N = 494 
 Literate14729.413226.7
Paternal literacyN = 500 N = 494 
 Literate27855.627555.7
Maternal EducationN = 500 N = 495 
 None35170.236172.9
 1–5 yrs489.6418.3
 6–10 yrs7915.87114.3
  > 10 yrs224.4224.4
Paternal EducationN = 500 N = 495 
 None21943.821643.6
 1–5 yrs7715.47615.4
 6–10 yrs16533.016934.1
  > 10 yrs397.8346.9
Maternal AgeN = 500 N = 494 
  < 18 yrs5511.05210.5
 18–24 yrs29559.030060.7
 25–29 yrs10521.010020.2
  > =30 yrs459.0428.5
ParityN = 500 N = 494 
 None14529.013627.5
 1–221943.822946.3
 3–411422.811322.8
  > 5224.4173.4
Antenatal Care VisitsN = 500 N = 494 
 No ANC14228.414629.6
 1–2 ANC visits18837.618236.8
 3–4 ANC visits14829.614629.6
  > =5 ANC visits224.4204.0
Location of DeliveryN = 500 N = 494 
 Home36072.033968.6
 Facility14028.015531.4
SexN = 500 N = 494 
 Male26953.826052.6
 Female23146.223447.4
Gestational AgeN = 498 N = 491 
  < 34 wks5611.25611.4
 34–36 wks14829.713928.3
  ≥ 37 wks29459.129660.3
BirthweightN = 498 N = 493 
  < 1500 g61.2132.6
 1500-2499 g16132.318337.1
  ≥ 2500 g33166.529760.3
SGA1 StatusN = 498 N = 493 
 AGA226853.826954.6
 SGA 3–10%11022.19519.3
 SGA 3%12024.112926.2
Time to breastfeeding initiation (hrs)N = 411 N = 427 
  < 113833.614032.8
 1–222554.722753.2
 3–4297.1307.0
  ≥ 5194.6307.0
Time between first visit and last massage (minutes)N = 496 N = 491 
  < 3011723.69619.6
 30–598416.98517.3
 60–11912825.813627.7
 120–1796212.57014.3
  ≥ 18010521.210421.2
 MeanSDMeanSD
Gestational Age (wks)N = 498 N = 491 
37.93.637.93.6
Birthweight (g)N = 498 N = 493 
2638.0440.12593.5494.8
Average # times massaged per day during 1st week of lifeN = 491 N = 487 
4.651.394.251.24
  1. 1Small for Gestational Age; 2 Adequate for Gestational Age