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Table 3 Body composition and chronic disease risk factor measurements at 13.5 years*

From: Active children are less adipose and insulin resistant in early adolescence; evidence from the Mysore Parthenon Cohort

 Males (n = 175)Females (n = 194)p§
Measures at 13.5y   
Weight (kg)40.8 ± 8.343.5 ± 8.4< 0.01
Height (cm)154.4 ± 8.2153.5 ± 5.90.22
BMI (kg/m2)16.4 (15.4,18.0)17.9 (16.2, 20.3)< 0.01
Waist circumference (cm)65.5 ± 7.767.7 ± 7.9< 0.01
Waist Hip Ratio0.89 ± 0.050.87 ± 0.05< 0.01
MUAC (cm)21.9 ± 2.722.3 ± 2.70.07
Triceps skin-fold (mm)9.6 (7.7, 14.1)14.5 (11.2, 18.4)< 0.01
Subscapular skin-fold (mm)9.2 (7.2, 13.6)15.3 (11.3, 20.3)< 0.01
Sum of skinfolds (mm)18.3 (15.0, 28.6)29.4 (22.3, 39.5)< 0.01
Fat % from bio-impedance17.6 ± 6.926.1 ± 5.8< 0.01
Systolic blood pressure110.5 ± 8.9107.9 ± 7.9< 0.01
Diastolic blood pressure62.3 ± 7.958.8 ± 6.8< 0.01
Fasting glucose (mmol/L)5.07 ± 0.535.02 ± 0.480.39
Fasting insulin (pmol/L)33.7 (22.4, 48.8)46.1 (36.5, 64.4)< 0.01
HOMA-IR1.27 (0.82, 1.80)1.76 (1.35, 2.38)< 0.01
Total cholesterol (mmol/L)3.45 ± 0.693.59 ± 0.620.04
HDL cholesterol (mmol/L)1.07 ± 0.251.06 ± 0.230.52
LDL cholesterol (mmol/L)2.01 ± 0.552.13 ± 0.480.04
Triglycerides (mmol/L)0.69 (0.49, 0.98)0.79 (0.60, 1.07)0.02
  1. *Values are mean ± SD for normally distributed variables and median (inter-quartile range) for non-normally distributed variables. § p value refers to t test of difference between males and females. MUAC Mid-upper arm circumference, HOMA Homeostasis Model Assessment for insulin resistance