Skip to main content

Table 3 Sample descriptive characteristics

From: Measuring early childhood development in multiple contexts: the internal factor structure and reliability of the early Human Capability Index in seven low and middle income countries

 Brazil
n (%)
China
n (%)
Kiribati
n (%)
Lao PDR
n (%)
Samoa
n (%)
Tonga
n (%)
Tuvalu
n (%)
Child gender
 Male853 (47.1)5587 (48.9)4269 (51.2)3824 (51.0)6293 (51.6)3247 (52.3)272 (49.5)
 Female855 (47.2)5338 (46.7)3915 (46.9)3669 (49.0)5898 (48.4)2967 (47.7)277 (50.5)
 Missing102 (5.6)496 (4.3)155 (1.9)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)
Child age
 2 years57 (3.1)54 (0.5)948 (11.4)1410 (18.8)1159 (9.5)13 (0.2)1 (0.2)
 3 years571 (31.5)3396 (29.7)2185 (26.2)1749 (23.3)4377 (35.9)1609 (25.9)163 (29.7)
 4 years760 (42.0)3329 (29.1)2136 (25.6)1867 (24.9)4616 (37.9)2058 (33.1)180 (32.8)
 5 years420 (23.2)3360 (29.4)2013 (24.1)1599 (21.3)2039 (16.7)2038 (32.8)195 (35.5)
 6 years0 (0.0)1226 (10.7)173 (2.1)16 (0.2)0 (0.0)443 (7.1)7 (1.3)
 Missing2 (0.1)56 (0.5)884 (10.6)852 (11.4)0 (0.0)53 (0.9)3 (0.5)
Child preschool attendance
 Yes1810 (100.0)9159 (80.2)7665 (91.9)1738 (23.2)4657 (38.2)2701 (43.5)498 (90.7)
 No0 (0.0)2176 (19.1)674 (8.1)5755 (76.8)7534 (61.8)3513 (56.5)51 (9.3)
 Missing0 (0.0)86 (0.8)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)
Maternal Education
 No school307 (2.7)2265 (30.2)
 Started Primary1242 (10.9)714 (8.6)2045 (27.3)
 Finished Primary3372 (29.5)1438 (17.2)2182 (29.1)222 (1.8)81 (1.3)47 (8.6)
 Started Secondary3563 (31.2)2319 (27.8)603 (4.9)2399 (38.6)89 (16.2)
 Finished Secondary1358 (11.9)2710 (32.5)754 (10.1)10,037 (82.3)2621 (42.2)107 (19.5)
 Tertiary751 (6.6)785 (9.4)242 (3.2)1329 (10.9)1107 (17.8)117 (21.3)
 Missing828 (7.2)373 (4.5)5 (0.1)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)189 (34.4)
 Total n181011,4218339749312,1916214549
  1. Note. Maternal education data were not collected in Brazil. In Samoa, Tonga, and Tuvalu, when responding to the maternal education item, respondents could select only one response option pertaining to primary school and so the proportions represented against the ‘finished primary school’ category for these countries may include a combination of children for whom their mother either started or finished primary school