Skip to main content

Table 2 Data collection contexts and procedures

From: Measuring early childhood development in multiple contexts: the internal factor structure and reliability of the early Human Capability Index in seven low and middle income countries

 Country contextYear/sRespondent/sMethodData collection purposeSample
BrazilOccupies a large area on the eastern coast of South America. In 2017, population was approx. 209,000 and GNI was USD8600 per capita.2015Preschool teachersPen and paperAdaptation of the eHCI for the Brazilian context [16]Children from one city in Southwest Brazil
ChinaIn East Asia, the world’s most populous country. In 2017, population was approx. 1.4 billion and GNI was USD8690 per capita.2015/16Preschool teachers and caregiversPen and paperEvaluate inequality in children’s outcomes across population groups [17]Children from two provinces across Northern China
KiribatiComprised of 33 coral atolls and isles in the Central Pacific. In 2017, population was approx. 116,000 and GNI was USD3010 per capita.2017Preschool teachers and caregiversTabletNational baseline of child development to guide policy and programs [14]Population; aimed to collect data for all children aged 3–5 years nationally
Lao PDRA landlocked country in the Southeast of Asia. In 2017, population was approx. 6.9 million and GNI was USD2270 per capita.2015/16CaregiversTabletBaseline data for an RCT designed to support children’s early development [12]Children from five provinces across Northern Lao PDR
SamoaComprised of 2 main islands in the South Pacific. In 2017, population was approx. 196,000 and GNI was USD4090 per capita.2016Preschool teachers and caregiversTabletNational baseline of child development to guide policy and programs [13]Population; aimed to collect data for all children aged 3–5 years nationally
TongaAn archipelago of more than 170 South Pacific islands (36 inhabited). In 2017, population was approx. 108,000 and GNI was USD4010 per capita.2013/14Preschool teachers and caregiversPen and paperBaseline data for an RCT designed to support children’s school readiness [10]Population; aimed to collect data for all children aged 3–5 years nationally
TuvaluAn island country in the South Pacific, comprising 9 small islands. In 2017, population was approx. 11,000 and GNI was USD4970 per capita.2015Preschool teachers and caregiversPen and paperNational baseline of child development to guide policy and programs [15]Population; aimed to collect data for all children aged 3–5 years nationally
  1. Note. GNI Gross National Income, RCT Randomized Control Trial. Population and Gross National Income figures sourced from World Bank [23]