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Table 1 Descriptive statistics of Victorian primary school children by CALD background

From: Weight status and obesity-related dietary behaviours among culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) children in Victoria, Australia

CharacteristicTotalnon-CALD (reference)EuropeanpMiddle- EasternpSouthern AsianpSoutheast AsianpEastern AsianpAfricanp
n (%)24071703 (70.8)189 (7.9) 146 (6.1) 119 (4.9) 98 (4.1) 70 (2.9) 82 (3.4) 
Age in years (mean ± SD)11.0 ± 1.111.1 ± 1.110.9 ± 1.10.09710.9 ± 1.10.05410.7 ± 1.00.00211.1 ± 1.10.90210.9 ± 1.10.20010.7 ± 1.10.008
Female (%)50.251.145.50.14550.70.92644.50.16752.00.85452.90.77145.10.291
Locality (%)a
 Major city54.441.277.3<0.00197.0<0.00191.6<0.00183.7<0.00187.1<0.00182.9<0.001
 Inner regional37.548.616.4<0.0013.4<0.0007.6<0.0018.2<0.00112.9<0.00115.9<0.001
 Outer regional8.110.26.40.0940.0<0.0010.80.0018.20.52300.0051.20.008
SEIFA (%)b
 1st quintile (most disadvantaged)28.731.529.30.54813.5<0.00113.6<0.00141.70.03710.3<0.00119.20.022
 2nd quintile28.027.923.80.23329.80.63738.10.01835.40.11327.90.99812.80.003
 3rd quintile21.216.728.2<0.00142.6<0.00129.7<0.00112.50.28629.40.00651.3<0.001
 4th quintile18.921.216.00.1019.20.00113.60.0477.30.001250.45610.30.020
 5th quintile (least disadvantaged)3.32.72.80.0045.00.1335.1<0.0013.10.0067.40.0276.40.060
BMI-z (mean ± SD)0.7 ± 1.20.7 ± 1.20.8 ± 1.30.1950.9 ± 1.40.0090.3 ± 1.40.0020.4 ± 1.20.0700.5 ± 1.20.3960.4 ± 1.40.044
Overweight/obese (%)c37.336.741.50.21753.0<0.00129.90.15428.70.11634.80.74034.20.634
Dietary behaviour (%)
 Takeaway ≥1/week43.440.445.40.18554.90.00152.10.01258.20.00135.70.43756.80.003
 EDNP snacks ≥2/day28.427.031.60.18436.60.01431.10.33030.90.39524.30.61930.90.443
 SSB ≥1/day25.425.025.40.91135.40.00718.60.12021.40.42317.10.13436.60.019
  1. a based on the ABS Australian Statistical Geographical Standard Remoteness Structure; b based on the ABS SEIFA Index of Relative Socioeconomic Disadvantage; c according to WHO World Health Organisation classification; p-values in bold indicate a statistically significant difference (p<0.05) between CALD or CALD subgroup and reference population (non-CALD), determined using t-test or chi-squared test, as appropriate; BMI body mass index, CALD culturally and linguistically diverse, EDNP energy-dense, nutrient-poor, SD standard deviation, SEIFA Socio-Economic Indexes for Areas, SSB sugar sweetened beverage