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Table 2 Association between dietary factors and child’s BMI

From: Prevalence of underweight, overweight and obesity among Palestinian school-age children and the associated risk factors: a cross sectional study

  BMI of Children 
CharacteristicsNormal n (%)Overweight n (%)Obese n (%)Underweight n (%)Total n (%)p-value
Having breakfastNever25
67.6%
5
13.5%
4
10.8%
3
8.1%
37
100.0%
0.239
Once a month28
59.6%
7
14.9%
7
14.9%
5
10.6%
47
100.0%
Twice a week43
64.2%
11
16.4%
11
16.4%
2
3.0%
67
100.0%
Most days190
61.9%
45
14.7%
59
19.2%
13
4.2%
307
100.0%
More than once a day48
78.7%
7
11.5%
6
9.8%
0
.0%
61
100.0%
Meat intakeNever15
60.0%
6
24.0%
3
12.0%
1
4.0%
25
100.0%
0.139
Once a month26
55.3%
11
23.4%
5
10.6%
5
10.6%
47
100.0%
Twice a week153
63.8%
32
13.3%
48
20.0%
7
2.9%
240
100.0%
Most days141
68.8%
25
12.2%
29
14.1%
10
4.9%
205
100.0%
More than once a day14
63.6%
5
22.7%
2
9.1%
1
4.5%
22
100.0%
Fish intakeNever63
60.0%
19
18.1%
20
19.0%
3
2.9%
105
100.0%
0.076
Once a month208
67.1%
44
14.2%
45
14.5%
13
4.2%
310
100.0%
Twice a week50
59.5%
8
9.5%
21
25.0%
5
6.0%
84
100.0%
Most days14
66.7%
2
9.5%
4
19.0%
1
4.8%
21
100.0%
More than once a day4
57.1%
1
14.3%
0
.0%
2
28.6%
7
100.0%
Diary intakeNever7
77.8%
1
11.1%
1
11.1%
0
.0%
9
100.0%
0.497
Once a month19
67.9%
6
21.4%
3
10.7%
0
.0%
28
100.0%
Twice a week55
62.5%
13
14.8%
15
17.0%
5
5.7%
88
100.0%
Most days164
65.1%
42
16.7%
38
15.1%
8
3.2%
252
100.0%
More than once a day108
64.3%
16
9.5%
34
20.2%
10
6.0%
168
100.0%
Rice and Pasta intakeNever3
42.9%
3
42.9%
0
.0%
1
14.3%
7
100.0%
0.094
Once a month27
79.4%
5
14.7%
1
2.9%
1
2.9%
34
100.0%
Twice a week100
60.2%
25
15.1%
31
18.7%
10
6.0%
166
100.0%
Most days182
66.7%
36
13.2%
48
17.6%
7
2.6%
273
100.0%
More than once a day40
59.7%
11
16.4%
11
16.4%
5
7.5%
67
100.0%
Cereals at breakfastNever126
61.2%
34
16.5%
34
16.5%
12
5.8%
206
100.0%
0.511
Once a month76
72.4%
10
9.5%
17
16.2%
2
1.9%
105
100.0%
Twice a week78
63.9%
19
15.6%
21
17.2%
4
3.3%
122
100.0%
Most days49
60.5%
15
18.5%
12
14.8%
5
6.2%
81
100.0%
More than once a day9
56.3%
2
12.5%
5
31.3%
0
.0%
16
100.0%
Bread intakeNever3
60.0%
1
20.0%
0
.0%
1
20.0%
5
100.0%
0.4
Once a month23
65.7%
5
14.3%
5
14.3%
2
5.7%
35
100.0%
Twice a week22
57.9%
7
18.4%
9
23.7%
0
.0%
38
100.0%
Most days118
67.8%
26
14.9%
24
13.8%
6
3.4%
174
100.0%
More than once a day185
64.2%
39
13.2%
51
17.7%
14
4.9%
289
100.0%
Fruits intakeNever4
66.7%
0
.0%
2
33.3%
0
.0%
6
100.0%
.895
Once a month21
67.7%
4
12.9%
4
12.9%
2
6.5%
31
100.0%
Twice a week72
63.2%
16
14.0%
22
19.3%
4
3.5%
114
100.0%
Most days146
65.2%
30
13.4%
39
17.4%
9
4.0%
224
100.0%
More than once a day107
63.3%
30
17.8%
23
13.6%
9
5.3%
169
100.0%
Fruit juice intakeNever18
47.4%
9
23.7%
9
23.7%
2
5.3%
38
100.0%
0.45
Once a month49
62.8%
14
17.9%
13
16.7%
2
2.6%
78
100.0%
Twice a week116
61.7%
26
13.8%
37
19.7%
9
4.8%
188
100.0%
Most days128
69.9%
21
11.5%
25
13.7%
9
4.9%
183
100.0%
More than once a day40
69.0%
9
15.5%
7
12.1%
2
3.4%
58
100.0%
Vegetables intakeNever6
42.9%
3
21.4%
3
21.4%
2
14.3%
14
100.0%
0.695
Once a month34
63.0%
8
14.8%
9
16.7%
3
5.6%
54
100.0%
Twice a week90
65.7%
20
14.6%
21
15.3%
6
4.4%
137
100.0%
Most days157
66.5%
34
14.4%
39
16.5%
6
2.5%
236
100.0%
More than once a day63
61.8%
13
12.7%
19
18.6%
7
6.9%
102
100.0%
Salad intakeNever13
54.2%
3
12.5%
5
20.8%
3
12.5%
24
100.0%
0.515
Once a month34
68.0%
9
18.0%
5
10.0%
2
4.0%
50
100.0%
Twice a week161
64.9%
39
15.7%
40
16.1%
8
3.2%
248
100.0%
Most days111
64.2%
19
11.0%
33
19.1%
10
5.8%
173
100.0%
More than once a day32
64.0%
9
18.0%
8
16.0%
1
2.0%
50
100.0%
Chips intakeNever11
52.4%
1
4.8%
6
28.6%
3
14.3%
21
100.0%
0.337
Once a month35
72.9%
7
14.6%
4
8.3%
2
4.2%
48
100.0%
Twice a week69
66.3%
16
15.4%
17
16.3%
2
1.9%
104
100.0%
Most days129
63.2%
31
15.2%
33
16.2%
11
5.4%
204
100.0%
More than once a day109
64.5%
24
14.2%
30
17.8%
6
3.6%
169
100.0%
Chocolate intakeNever10
52.6%
6
31.6%
2
10.5%
1
5.3%
19
100.0%
0.016
Once a month28
63.6%
5
11.4%
8
18.2%
3
6.8%
44
100.0%
Twice a week87
61.7%
28
19.9%
24
17.0%
2
1.4%
141
100.0%
Most days132
60.6%
27
12.4%
43
19.7%
16
7.3%
218
100.0%
More than once a day91
75.2%
14
11.6%
14
11.6%
2
1.7%
121
100.0%
Carbonated Beverages intakeNever72
60.5%
18
15.1%
22
18.5%
7
5.9%
119
100.0%
0.581
Once a month81
69.8%
13
11.2%
14
12.1%
8
6.9%
116
100.0%
Twice a week114
63.0%
28
15.5%
33
18.2%
6
3.3%
181
100.0%
Most days58
66.7%
16
18.4%
12
13.8%
1
1.1%
87
100.0%
More than once a day27
64.3%
5
11.9%
8
19.0%
2
4.8%
42
100.0%
Energy drinks intakeNever305
64.2%
71
14.9%
78
16.4%
21
4.4%
475
100.0%
0.749
Once a month12
60.0%
3
15.0%
4
20.0%
1
5.0%
20
100.0%
Twice a week20
71.4%
0
.0%
7
25.0%
1
3.6%
28
100.0%
Most days8
72.7%
2
18.2%
1
9.1%
0
.0%
11
100.0%
More than once a day5
55.6%
2
22.2%
1
11.1%
1
11.1%
9
100.0%
Diet carbonated drinks intakeNever312
65.4%
69
14.5%
75
15.7%
21
4.4%
477
100.0%
0.087
Once a month14
53.8%
6
23.1%
5
19.2%
1
3.8%
26
100.0%
Twice a week13
68.4%
1
5.3%
4
21.1%
1
5.3%
19
100.0%
Most days6
46.2%
1
7.7%
6
46.2%
0
.0%
13
100.0%
More than once a day3
42.9%
3
42.9%
0
.0%
1
14.3%
7
100.0%
Sweets (Knafeh, Cakes)Never23
62.2%
8
21.6%
4
10.8%
2
5.4%
37
100.0%
0.04
Once a month101
63.1%
20
12.5%
33
20.6%
6
3.8%
160
100.0%
Twice a week147
62.6%
40
17.0%
42
17.9%
6
2.6%
235
100.0%
Most days66
73.3%
7
7.8%
9
10.0%
8
8.9%
90
100.0%
More than once a day15
65.2%
5
21.7%
1
4.3%
2
8.7%
23
100.0%
Fast food intakeNever26
57.8%
8
17.8%
9
20.0%
2
4.4%
45
100.0%
0.656
Once a month119
66.1%
24
13.3%
32
17.8%
5
2.8%
180
100.0%
Twice a week137
62.3%
31
14.1%
38
17.3%
14
6.4%
220
100.0%
Most days55
71.4%
11
14.3%
8
10.4%
3
3.9%
77
100.0%
More than once a day16
61.5%
6
23.1%
4
15.4%
0
.0%
26
100.0%
Nuts intakeNever23
59.0%
7
17.9%
9
23.1%
0
.0%
39
100.0%
0.829
Once a month118
65.2%
25
13.8%
29
16.0%
9
5.0%
181
100.0%
Twice a week131
62.1%
37
17.5%
33
15.6%
10
4.7%
211
100.0%
Most days62
69.7%
8
9.0%
15
16.9%
4
4.5%
89
100.0%
More than once a day16
66.7%
3
12.5%
4
16.7%
1
4.2%
24
100.0%