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Table 3 Correlations between the 6-GI and the ABQ scores. Only statistically significant (p < 0.05) scores are reported

From: Vocal and motor behaviors as a possible expression of gastrointestinal problems in preschoolers with Autism Spectrum Disorder

ABQ clusters and itemsCorrelations ABQ/6-GI scores
Whole sample
 VB (overall score)R = 0.281 B = 0.294 p = 0.009
 Frequent clearing of throat, swallowing and/or ticsR = 0.258 B = 0.075 p = 0.043
 ScreamingR = 0.252 B = 0.110 p = 0.048
 Sighing and/or whiningR = 0.263 B = 0.089 p = 0.039
 Moaning and/or groaningR = 0.375 B = 0.128 p = 0.003
 Direct verbalization about pain or stomachR = 0.309 B = 0.084 p = 0.015
 MB (overall score)R = 0.264 B = 0.526 p = 0.015
 Facial grimacingR = 0.325 B = 0.100 p = 0.010
 Constant eating/drinking/swallowingR = 0.387 B = 0.126 p = 0.002
 Application of pressure to abdomenR = 0.273 B = 0.091 p = 0.032
 Aggressive behaviorsR = 0.273 B = 0.091 p = 0.032
 C (overall score)R = 0.222 B = 0.181 p = 0.041
Verbal children
 VB (overall score)
 Frequent clearing of throat, swallowing and/or ticsR = 0.411 B = 0.119 p = 0.022
 Direct verbalization about pain or stomachR = 0.423 B = 0.135 p = 0.018
 MB (overall score)
 Constant eating/drinking/swallowingR = 0.474 B = 0.184 p = 0.007
 C (overall score)
 Sleep disturbancesR = 0.437 B = 0.207 p = 0.014
Non-verbal children
 VB (overall score)R = 0.561 B = 0.619 p = 0.001
 ScreamingR = 0.492 B = 0.186 p = 0.005
 Sighing and/or whiningR = 0.387 B = 0.119 p = 0.031
 Moaning and/or groaningR = 0.540 B = 0.196 p = 0.002
 C (overall score)R = 0.414 B = 0.302 p = 0.021
 Sleep disturbancesR = 0.362 B = 0.153 p = 0.045
  1. Abbreviations: ABQ Associated Behaviors Questionnaire, GI Gastrointestinal, VB Verbal behaviors, MB Motor behaviors, C Changes in overall state, R Regression, B Beta regression coefficient
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