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Table 1 Descriptive characteristics of the two study groups

From: Impact of the intervention program “JolinchenKids – fit and healthy in daycare” on energy balance related-behaviors: results of a cluster controlled trial

  Baseline Follow-Up
  Intervention Control Intervention Control
DFs (n) 31 31 30 31
DFs’ characteristics (mean SD)
 Number of children in the DF 89.7 ± 55.5 97.9 ± 50.6
 Number of children aged 3- to 5- years in the DF 55.3 ± 31.0 57.0 ± 30.9
 Number of DF groups 4.6 ± 2.7 5.3 ± 2.5
 Percentage of children with migration background in the DF 17.5 ± 18.7 19.2 ± 22.8
 Parents receiving governmental subsidies for DF fee (%) in the DF 16.3 ± 14.7 16.9 ± 20.2
 Single parenting (%) in the DF 14.8 ± 13.5 13.8 ± 12.9
Children (n) 440 391 335 306
Boys (%) 50.5 51.7 49.3 53.6
Age (mean years SD) 4.3 ± 0.8 4.3 ± 0.8 5.2 ± 0.8 5.2 ± 0.8
Migration background (%)
 No migration background 75.9 73.9 77.6 75.8
 One-sided 18.2 18.4 15.8 17.0
 Two-sided 2.0 1.8 1.8 2.0
 Missing 3.9 5.9 4.8 5.2
Highest educational level of the parents (%)
 Low 8.6 8.7 5.7 6.9
 Medium 57.7 53.7 60.6 57.2
 High 28.0 33.2 26.3 32.7
 Missing 5.7 4.3 7.5 3.3
Household income (%)
 <2000€ 19.1 23.3 15.5 21.9
 2000–3000€ 25.2 27.9 26.3 28.1
 >3000€ 45.2 38.9 46.6 41.5
 Missing 10.5 10.0 11.6 8.5
Urbanity (%)
 ≤5.000 inhabitants 21.4 18.9 22.7 20.9
 ≤20.000 inhabitants 32.5 32.7 33.1 34.6
 ≤100.000 inhabitants 25.2 26.6 24.5 21.6
 >100.000 inhabitants 20.9 21.7 19.7 22.9
Body-mass-index (%)
 Underweight/normal weight 85.0 89.5 83.3 82.7
 Overweight/obese 5.7 4.6 9.0 6.2
 Missing 9.3 5.9 7.8 11.1
Hours attending DF (%)
 1–5 h/day 25.9 24.8 19.4 18.0
 >5 h/day 72.7 72.1 77.3 79.7
 Missing 1.4 3.1 3.3 2.3
  1. Note: DF daycare facility, SD standard deviation