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Table 1 Demographics and related characteristics of mothers of children from birth up to 2 years old in Woreilu Wereda, South Wollo Zone, Amhara, Ethiopia, 2018 (N = 550)

From: The practice of key essential nutrition action messages and associated factors among mothers of children from birth up to 2 years old in Wereilu Wereda, south Wollo zone, Amhara, Northeast Ethiopia: a community based cross-sectional study

Variables/ characteristicsN (%)The practice of key ENA messagesOdds RatiosP-value
GoodPoor
Frequency (%) 256(46.5)Frequency (%) 294(53.5)COR(95% CI)AOR(95% CI)
Age of the mother
 < 20 years11(2.0)5(0.9)6(1.1)1.25(.74–1.98)1.12(.21–1.82).75
 20–24 years99(18.0)43(7.8)56(10.2)1.15(0.74–1.66).76(.23–1.93).55
 25–29 years187(34.0)88(16)99(18)1.33(.65–1.98).90(.51–1.62).34
 30–34 years213(38.7)104(18.9)109(19.8)1.43(.56–12.04)1.28(.52–1.32).23
 > 3540(7.3)16(2,9)24(4.4)11 
Ethnicity
 Amhara522(94.9)245(44.5)277(50.4)0.90(.40–2.51)  
 Oromo17(3.1)6(1.1)11(2)0.54(.30–1.11)  
 Tigre9(1.6)4(0.7)5(0.9)0.8(.40–1.93)  
 Others2(0.4)1(0.2)1(0.2)1  
Religion
 Orthodox224(40.7)109(19.8)115(20.9)1.42(.55–11.24)1.22(.51–1.82).65
 Protestant148(26.9)65(11.8)83(15.1)1.17(0.68–1.76).76(.28–1.98).35
 Muslim173(31.5)80(14.5)93(16.9)1.30(.55–1.92).90(.57–1.82).43
 Catholic5(0.9)2(0.4)3(0.5)11 
Marital status
 Single39(7.1)16(2.9)23(4.2)1.32(.56–1.98)1.33(.31–1.72).22
 Married482(87.6)230(41.8)252(45.8)1.73(.05–9.24).66(.37–1.88).45
 Separated /Divorced29(5.3)10(1.8)19(3.5)11 
Educational status of the mother
 Illiterate287(51.25)85(33.2)202(68.7)11 
 Primary162(28.93)102(39.8)60(20.4)4(2.7–6.07)**2.7(1.55–4.9)**.001
 Secondary and above101(18.04)69(27.0)32(10.95(3.14–8.36)**3.98(1.93–8.22)**<.001
Educational status of the father
 Illiterate341(60.89)111(43.4)230(78.2)11 
 Primary131(23.40)88(34.4)43(14.6)4(2.76–6.514)*2.02(1.14–3.57)*.015
 Secondary and above78(13.93)57 (22.3)21(7.1)5(3.247–9.74)**2.784(1.35–5.719)**.005
Occupation of the mother
 Not employed262(47.6)126(22.9)136(24.7)1.85(.15–10.24).60(.2–1.40).17
 Housewife218(39.6)103(18.7)115(20.9)1.79((.02–8.94).711(.25–1.64).26
 Governmental Employee52(9.5)21(3.8)31(5.6)1.35(.57–1.93).61(.305–1.224).165
 Employed in private sector18(3.3)6(1.1)12(0.2)11 
Residence
 Urban115(20.54)79(30.9)36(12.2)3.2(2.06–4.96)*.908(.51–1.62).744
 Rural375(66.9)117(69.1)258(87.8)11 
Monthly income
 Lower304(86.68)104(40.6)200 (20.4)11 
 Medium168(30)134(52.3)34(68.0)1.26(.68–2.3)*2.2(1.03–4.8)*.041
 Higher78(13.93)18(7.0)60(11.6)3.27(1.7–6.3)**4.4(1.9–10.2)**.001
Number of family member
 < 4106(19.3)50(9.1)56(10.2)1.09(.88–1.89)  
 4–5233(42.4)111(20.2)122(22.2)1.11(.67–1.95)  
 6–8122(22.2)55(10)67(12.2)1.01(.67–1.43)  
  ≥ 989(16.2)40(7.3)49(8.9)11 
Parity
 Multi-para427(76.25)218(85.2)209(71.1)2.3(1.5–3.57)*2.1(1.17–3.78)*.013
 Primi-para123(21.96)38(14.8)85(28.9)11 
Age of the child
 < 6 month181(32.9)83(15.1)98(17.8)1.08(.78–1.79)  
 6–12 month206(37.5)98(17.8)108(19.6)1.16(.67–1.83)  
 12–18 month106(19.3)50(9.1)56(10.2)1.14(.77–1.97)  
 18–24 month57(10.3)25(4.5)32(5.8)1  
Sex of the child
 Male324(57.85)164(64.1)160(54.4)1.49(1.06–2.1)*1.18(0.74–1.86).480
 Female226(40.36)92(35.9)134(45.6)11 
 Place of birth
 Health institution390(69.64)194 (75.8)196(66.7)1.56(1.07–2.27)**2.95(1.69–5.16)**<.001
 Home160(28.57)62(24.2)98(33.3)11 
ANC follow-up
 Yes303(54.11)186(72.7)117(39.8)4.02(2.8–5.7)*1.2(.74–1.96).458
 No247(44.11)70(27.3)177(60.2)11 
PNC follow-up
 Yes247(44.11)156(60.9)91 (31.0)3.48(2.45–4.95)**2.17(1.35–3.49)**.001
 No303(54.11)100 (39.1)203 (69.0)11 
Heard nutritional related information
 Yes347(61.96)230(89.8)177(73.8)3.14(1.94–5.08)*.611(.305–1.224).165
 No143(25.54)26(10.2)117(26.2)11 
Knowledge level
 Good365(65.18)222(86.7)143(48.6)6(4.49–10.57)**3.2(1.86–5.58)**<.001
 Poor185(33.04)34(13.3)151(51.4)   
Attitude level
 Good379(67.68)233(91.0)146(49.7)10(6.32–16.68)**5.5(3.14–9.8)**<.001
 Poor171(30.53)23(9.0)148(50.3)11 
  1. *indicates P value < 0.05
  2. **indicates P value < 0.01
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