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Table 1 Demographic data of patient

From: Perioperative effects of caudal block on pediatric patients in laparoscopic upper urinary tract surgery: a randomized controlled trial

 Non-block(n = 28)ROP1.0(n = 30)ROP1.3(n = 30)
Gender, n (%)
 Female15 (54)14 (48)17 (57)
 Male13 (46)16 (52)13 (43)
Age, years; median (min-max)2.4 (0.5–6.5)2.8 (0.5–7.4)2.6 (0.5–7.5)
weight, Kg; median (min-max)13.4 (6.8–22.6)13.1 (8.2–21.5)12.6 (7.8–23.4)
ASA I/II20/821/918/12
Operating time, mins; median (min-max)134 (95–245)155 (100–264)143 (102–255)
  1. Values are presented by median (min-max) or numbers of patients
  2. Non-block: patients received no caudal block
  3. ROP1.0: patients received caudal block with 1.0 mL/kg ropivacaine
  4. ROP1.3: patients received caudal block with 1.3 mL/kg ropivacaine
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