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Table 2 The Z scores of gestational age-adjusted weight/length for age in 105 different characteristic seven-time followed-up HEU children

From: Growth of HIV-uninfected children born to HIV-infected mothers in Guangdong, China: an 18-month longitudinal follow-up study

Characteristic n At birth 1th month 3th month 6th month 9th month 12th month 18th month
Mean ± Sd P value Mean ± Sd P value Mean ± Sd P value Mean ± Sd P value Mean ± Sd P value Mean ± Sd P value Mean ± Sd P value
scores of GAAW                
Mothers’ hemoglobin contenta                
 <100g/L 29 0.48 ± 1.07 P = 0.004 1.30 ± 1.73 P = 0.001 0.78 ± 1.60 P = 0.999 0.27 ± 1.10 P = 0.438 0.11 ± 1.05 P = 0.415 0.33 ± 1.14 P = 0.925 0.64 ± 1.66 P = 0.284
 ≥100g/L 76 1.25 ± 1.18 2.13 ± 1.60 0.75 ± 1.21 0.46 ± 0.93 0.33 ± 1.07 0.38 ± 1.12 0.36 ± 1.16
Newborn preterm birth                
 No 93 1.01 ± 1.20 P = 0.379 1.75 ± 1.54 P = 0.000 0.63 ± 1.26 P = 0.004 0.36 ± 0.98 P = 0.278 0.27 ± 1.02 P = 0.926 0.43 ± 1.11 P = 0.134 0.47 ± 1.34 P = 0.483
 Yes 12 1.29 ± 1.18 3.10 ± 2.18 1.73 ± 1.42 0.76 ± 0.91 0.29 ± 1.39 -0.14 ± 1.11 0.22 ± 1.07
Z scores of GAAL                
Children low birth weight                
 No 94 1.21 ± 1.29 P = 0.002 1.86 ± 1.98 P = 0.228 0.91 ± 1.26 P = 0.003 0.95 ± 1.68 P = 0.563 0.25 ± 1.65 P = 0.846 0.25 ± 1.13 P = 0.348 -0.12 ± 1.15 P = 0.142
-0.84 ± 1.04
  1. a.Mothers’ hemoglobin contentwas the status during pregnancy
  2. HEU HIV-exposed uninfected
  3. GAAW gestational age-adjusted weight
  4. GAAL gestational age-adjusted length