Characteristic

n

At birth

1th month

3th month

6th month

9th month

12th month

18th month


Mean ± Sd

P value

Mean ± Sd

P value

Mean ± Sd

P value

Mean ± Sd

P value

Mean ± Sd

P value

Mean ± Sd

P value

Mean ± Sd

P value


scores of GAAW
               
Mothers’ hemoglobin content^{a}
               
<100g/L

29

0.48 ± 1.07

P = 0.004

1.30 ± 1.73

P = 0.001

0.78 ± 1.60

P = 0.999

0.27 ± 1.10

P = 0.438

0.11 ± 1.05

P = 0.415

0.33 ± 1.14

P = 0.925

0.64 ± 1.66

P = 0.284

≥100g/L

76

1.25 ± 1.18

2.13 ± 1.60

0.75 ± 1.21

0.46 ± 0.93

0.33 ± 1.07

0.38 ± 1.12

0.36 ± 1.16

Newborn preterm birth
               
No

93

1.01 ± 1.20

P = 0.379

1.75 ± 1.54

P = 0.000

0.63 ± 1.26

P = 0.004

0.36 ± 0.98

P = 0.278

0.27 ± 1.02

P = 0.926

0.43 ± 1.11

P = 0.134

0.47 ± 1.34

P = 0.483

Yes

12

1.29 ± 1.18

3.10 ± 2.18

1.73 ± 1.42

0.76 ± 0.91

0.29 ± 1.39

0.14 ± 1.11

0.22 ± 1.07

Z scores of GAAL
               
Children low birth weight
               
No

94

1.21 ± 1.29

P = 0.002

1.86 ± 1.98

P = 0.228

0.91 ± 1.26

P = 0.003

0.95 ± 1.68

P = 0.563

0.25 ± 1.65

P = 0.846

0.25 ± 1.13

P = 0.348

0.12 ± 1.15

P = 0.142

0.84 ± 1.04

 ^{a}.Mothers’ hemoglobin contentwas the status during pregnancy
 HEU HIVexposed uninfected
 GAAW gestational ageadjusted weight
 GAAL gestational ageadjusted length