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Table 3 Anthropometric measurements at baseline (1 month), 2, 4, 6, 9 and 12 months of age. Values are means ± Standard Deviation (SD)

From: Evaluation of the safety, tolerance and efficacy of 1-year consumption of infant formula supplemented with Lactobacillus fermentum CECT5716 Lc40 or Bifidobacterium breve CECT7263: a randomized controlled trial

  1 month 2 months 4 months 6 months 9 months 12 months
WEIGHT (Kg) Group Control Group Lf Group Bb Group Control Group Lf Group Bb Group Control Group Lf Group Bb Group Control Group Lf Group Bb Group Control Group Lf Group Bb Group Control Group Lf Group Bb
Mean 3.994 4.065 4.038 5.202 5.324 5.170 6.677 6.850 6.754 7.691 7.738 7.554 9.017 9.260 9.001 9.760 9.839 9.625
SD 0.641 0.642 0.697 0.647 0.681 0.664 0.765 0.854 0.835 0.922 1.027 0.911 1.071 1.323 1.157 1.160 1.331 1.226
95% CI LL 3.850 3.919 3.876 5.055 5.162 5.010 6.497 6.644 6.547 7.468 7.487 7.328 8.752 8.930 8.712 9.467 9.504 9.316
UL 4.139 4.210 4.201 5.349 5.485 5.329 6.856 7.057 6.961 7.914 7.988 7.779 9.283 9.591 9.290 10.052 10.174 9.933
p-value 0.800 0.349 0.455 0.517 0.386 0.619
LENGTH (cm) Group Control Group Lf Group Bb Group Control Group Lf Group Bb Group Control Group Lf Group Bb Group Control Group Lf Group Bb Group Control Group Lf Group Bb Group Control Group Lf Group Bb
Mean 53.36 53.42 53.23 57.67 57.82 57.59 63.03 64.17 63.18 66.941 67.149 66.700 72.50 73.01 72.98 75.31 75.56 75.47
SD 2.64 2.62 2.55 2.80 3.05 2.59 2.69 3.72 2.22 2.706 3.769 2.564 3.628 3.680 3.67 3.341 3.68 3.27
95% CI LL 52.76 52.83 52.64 57.04 57.10 56.97 62.40 63.27 62.63 66.286 66.230 66.065 71.601 72.081 72.05 74.48 74.64 74.65
UL 53.95 54.02 53.83 58.31 58.55 58.21 63.66 65.07 63.73 67.596 68.069 67.335 73.399 73.935 73.90 76.15 76.49 76.30
p-value 0.903 0.880 0.049 0.702   0.679    0.919  
HEAD CIRCUMFERENCE (cm) Group Control Group Lf Group Bb Group Control Group Lf Group Bb Group Control Group Lf Group Bb Group Control Group Lf Group Bb Group Control Group Lf Group Bb Group Control Group Lf Group Bb
Mean 36.73 36.68 36.52 38.83 38.80 38.53 41.38 41.46 41.28 43.35 42.85 42.99 45.19 45.23 44.91 46.47 46.10 46.05
SD 1.55 1.29 1.77 1.52 1.25 1.89 1.39 2.20 1.35 1.40 1.37 1.42 1.68 1.81 1.73 1.42 1.44 1.55
95% CI LL 36.38 36.39 36.11 38.47 38.50 38.07 41.05 40.92 40.94 43.01 42.51 42.63 44.77 44.77 44.48 46.11 45.73 45.64
UL 37.08 36.98 36.93 39.18 39.10 38.99 41.70 42.00 41.61 43.69 43.18 43.34 45.60 45.69 45.34 46.83 46.46 46.47
p-value 0.734 0.473 0.822 0.098 0.527   0.230