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Table 4 Multivariate analysis of factors associated with IPI among under-five children live in and around Haro Dumal Town, Bale Zone, Ethiopia, 2018

From: Prevalence and factors associated with intestinal parasitic infection among under-five children in and around Haro Dumal Town, Bale Zone, Ethiopia

Risk factors % positive for IPI Crude OR 95%CI P-value AOR P-value
Eat under-cooked/ raw vegetable
 Yes 125 (46.5) 1.5 [0.9–3.0] 0.001 1.3 [1.4–3.3] <0.001
 No 91 (31.2) 1.0 1.0
History of excessive crying
 Yes 170 (78.7) 2.4 [1.0–4.4] 0.01 2.1 [1.1–4.1] 0.014
 No 46 (21.3) 1.0 1.0
Finger nail trimming
 Yes 141 (65.3) 1.9 [1.1–2.6] 0.01 1.6 [0.8–4.1] 0.02
 No 75 (34.7) 1.0 1.0
Geophage
 Yes 115 (53.2) 5.2 [2.1–11.3] 0.01 4.7 [2.0–10.4] <0.001
 No 101 (46.8) 1.0 1.0
Latrine care
 Mother 58 (26.9) 0.9 [0.5–6.6] 0.61 1.0 0.86
 Self 157 (72.7) 4.7 [1.6–12.5] 0.001 3.1 [1.1–5.5] 0.001
 Others 1 (0.4)
Wear protective shoe
 No 132 (61.1) 2.6 [2.2–7.3] 0.01 2.3 [2.0–4.8] 0.01
 Yes 84 (38.9) 1.0 1.0
Child infected Tungiasis/ month
 1 time 3 (3.2) 1.0 1.0
 2 times 43 (46.2) 1.9 [0.4–3.9] 0.01 1.6 [1.0–5.1] <0.001
  ≥ 3times 47 (50.6) 5.6 [0.3–7.3] 0.001 3.1 [1.1–6.6]
  1. IPI intestinal parasitic infection, AOR Adjusted odd ratio, OR Odd Ratio, CI Confidence Interval, P-value of X2 test of the trends