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Table 2 Bivariate analysis of factors associated with IPI among under-five children live in and around Haro Dumal Town, Bale Zone, Ethiopia, 2018

From: Prevalence and factors associated with intestinal parasitic infection among under-five children in and around Haro Dumal Town, Bale Zone, Ethiopia

Risk factors Total (%) Positive IPI Crude OR 95%CI P-value
Eat undercooked/ raw vegetable
 Yes 269 (48.0) 125 (46.5) 1.6 [0.9–3.7] 0.001
 No 292 (52.0) 91 (31.2) 1.0
History of excessive crying
 Yes 317 (56.5) 170 (78.7) 2.4 [1.0–4.4] 0.01
 No 244 (43.5) 46 (21.3) 1.0
Finger nail trimming
 Yes 349 (62.2) 141 (65.3) 1.9 [1.1–2.6] 0.01
 No 212 (37.8) 75 (34.7) 1.0
Geo-phage
 Yes 356 (63.5) 115 (53.2) 5.2 [2.0–11.3] 0.01
 No 205 (36.5) 101 (46.8) 1.0
Latrine care
 Mother 117 (20.9) 58 (26.9) 0.9 [0.5–6.6] 0.61
 Self 441 (78.6) 157 (72.7) 4.7 [1.6–12.5] 0.001
 Others 3 (0.5) 1 (0.4) 1.0
Protective shoe wear habit
 Yes 124 (22.1) 84 (38.9) 1.0
 No 437 (77.9) 132 (61.1) 2.6 [2.2–7.3] 0.01
Child infected Tungiasis/month
 1 time 82 (16.8) 3 (3.2)
 2 times 271 (55.4) 43 (46.2) 1.9 [0.2–3.5] 0.01
 ≥3 times 136 (28.8) 47 (50.6) 5.6 [0.3–7.63] 0.001
Type of intestinal parasite
 Protozoa E.histolytica 33 (15.3) 55/216 (25.5%)
G.lambia 22 (10.2)
 Nematodes Hook worm 31 (14.4) 123/216 (56.9%)
T.tricuria 30 (13.9)
A.lumbricoide 29 (13.4)
Evermicularis 19 (8.8)
S.stercolaris 14 (6.5)
 Cestodes H.nana 25 (11.6) 38/216 (17.6%)
T.saginata 13 (6.0)
  1. IPI intestinal parasitic infection, OR Odd Ratio, CI Confidence Interval, P-value of X2 test of the trends