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Table 2 Prevalence of nonmedical use of TSSp in Female adolescents, according to sociodemographic variables, use of licit and illicit psychoactive drugs and variables related with perceived health risk, perceived availability and School information. ESTUDES Survey

From: Gender differences in the nonmedical use of psychoactive medications in the school population- national trends and related factors

  2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 2014 Combined years aLinear Trend
p-valuea
N (%) N (%) N (%) N (%) N (%) N (%)   
Age 14–15 138(2.56) 153(2.45) 200(2.94) 233(3.15) 161(3.4) 272(3.13) 1157(2.95) 0.013
16–18 242(3.31) 241(3.16) 311(3.68) 360(4.01) 416(4.68) 464(4.51) 2032(3.95) 0.000
Nationality Immigrants NA 360(2.82) 445(3.28) 511(3.52) 487(4.04) 638(3.81) 2441(3.51) 0.000
Spanish 380(3.00) 34(3.10) 65(3.96) 81(4.45) 89(5.68) 98(4.4) 368(4.39) 0.084
Occupational status of parents Unemployed both 2(1.36) 16(3.76) 24(5.15) 39(5.38) 50(6.13) 72(6.64) 203(5.5) 0.007
Employed one 67(3.99) 61(3.29) 104(3.57) 150(4.40) 156(4.29) 178(4.09) 715(4.01) 0.292
Employed both 310(2.87) 317(2.74) 383(3.23) 404(3.30) 371(4.04) 486(3.59) 2271(3.28) 0.000
Educational level of parents No formal education 16(2.97) 17(2.55) 22(3.26) 16(2.81) 22(4.76) 18(3.19) 111(3.19) 0.374
Primary school 129(2.62) 158(2.97) 220(3.69) 214(3.67) 198(3.99) 194(4.03) 1113(3.5) 0.000
Secondary school 49(2.9) 64(2.88) 64(2.82) 124(3.9) 119(4.31) 180(3.81) 600(3.56) 0.015
Higher education 127(3.76) 97(2.91) 127(3.46) 171(3.88) 172(4.48) 246(3.9) 941(3.77) 0.097
Alcohol use in the past 30 days No 81(1.79) 132(2.27) 156(2.52) 176(2.54) 78(2.21) 139(2.01) 763(2.25) 0.888
Yes 299(3.66) 262(3.26) 354(3.91) 417(4.4) 498(4.94) 597(4.95) 2427(4.27) 0.000
Any cigarette smoking in the past 30 days No 15(2.71) 214(2.23) 262(2.59) 346(2.98) 310(3.22) 413(2.84) 1560(2.78) 0.014
Yes 188(4.57) 180(4.24) 248(4.83) 247(5.19) 266(6.68) 323(7.25) 1452(5.44) 0.000
Any marijuana use in the past 30 days No 231(2.34) 291(2.56) 362(2.87) 417(3.00) 417(3.52) 530(3.16) 2246(2.94) 0.000
Yes 149(5.3) 103(4.12) 149(5.66) 176(7.08) 160(8.97) 206(9.44) 943(6.55) 0.000
Any illicit psychoactive drug use other than marijuana in the last 12 months No 318(2.61) 360(2.67) 456(3.06) 524(3.26) 512(3.82) 683(3.64) 2855(3.21) 0.000
Yes 61(12.52) 34(8.86) 54(16.13) 68(23.76) 64(29.05) 53(24.62) 334(17.35) 0.000
Perceived health risk for consumption of TSSp No/few problems 101(8.37) 106(7.70) 140(9.4) 148(9.05) 146(14.33) 183(10.99) 825(9.82) 0.001
Quite a few/many problems 249(2.47) 236(2.20) 285(2.51) 338(3.09) 339(3.60) 417(3.1) 1864(2.82) 0.000
Perceived availability of TSSp Impossible/very difficult to obtain 23(0.71) 64(1.59) 61(1.34) 65(1.96) 75(2.17) 101(1.94) 389(1.63) 0.000
Easy/very easy to obtain 320(4.76) 278(4.8) 361(6.24) 432(6.79) 388(9.21) 448(8.30) 2226(6.50) 0.000
Information on drugs received at school No 98(3.42) 154(3.14) 121(3.29) 154(4.54) 159(4.87) 176(4.22) 861(3.87) 0.003
Yes 282(2.87) 240(2.68) 369(3.3) 423(3.35) 402(3.99) 533(3.74) 2248(3.36) 0.000
  1. NA not available
  2. aLinear time trend from 2004 to 2014 estimating prevalence of past 30 days nonmedical use of tranquilizer. Sedatives and sleeping pills by demographic subgroup