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Table 1 Prevalence of nonmedical use of TSSp in Male adolescents, according to sociodemographic variables, use of licit and illicit psychoactive drugs and variables related with perceived health risk, perceived availability and School information. ESTUDES Survey

From: Gender differences in the nonmedical use of psychoactive medications in the school population- national trends and related factors

  2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 2014 Combined years aLinear Trend
p-valuea
N (%) N (%) N (%) N (%) N (%) N (%)   
Age 14–15 64(1.18) 94(1.7) 118(1.84) 114(1.65) 84(1.79) 132(1.63) 606(1.64) 0.208
16–18 170(2.29) 156(2.19) 233(2.74) 245(2.81) 274(2.99) 242(2.33) 1321(2.57) 0.287
Nationality Immigrants NA 240(2.04) 308(2.29) 313(2.24) 319(2.59) 316(1.92) 1495(2.2) 0.778
Spanish 234(1.82) 10(1.18) 44(2.95) 46(2.9) 40(2.55) 58(2.89) 197(2.64) 0.204
Occupational status of parents Unemployed both 16(9.83) 11(3.04) 33(5.4) 25(3.72) 38(4.7) 27(2.67) 150(4.14) 0.018
Employed one 38(2.58) 37(2.32) 65(2.75) 68(2.37) 88(2.78) 84(2.17) 380(2.48) 0.689
Employed both 179(1.6) 202(1.9) 254(2.12) 266(2.21) 232(2.35) 263(1.93) 1397(2.01) 0.043
Educational level of parents No formal education 20(3.42) 8(1.93) 24(4.28) 22(5.1) 20(5.36) 12(3.05) 106(3.83) 0.388
Primary school 89(1.9) 116(2.65) 101(1.96) 106(2.11) 108(2.33) 85(2.18) 605(2.18) 0.766
Secondary school 28(1.66) 31(1.53) 53(2.23) 71(2.35) 69(2.47) 77(1.66) 330(1.98) 0.713
Higher education 61(1.74) 74(2.1) 106(2.7) 125(2.65) 101(2.51) 122(1.87) 589(2.25) 0.871
Alcohol use in the past 30 days No 54(1.14) 50(0.94) 82(1.3) 83(1.26) 35(0.88) 71(0.96) 374(1.09) 0.440
Yes 180(2.21) 200(2.73) 269(3.12) 276(3.07) 324(3.26) 303(2.73) 1552(2.87) 0.049
Any cigarette smoking in the past 30 days No 17(3.08) 126(1.33) 190(1.85) 194(1.61) 192(1.86) 213(1.45) 932(1.62) 0.754
Yes 106(3.3) 124(3.96) 161(3.48) 165(4.65) 167(4.66) 161(4.2) 885(4.03) 0.038
Any marijuana use in the past 30 days No 112(1.2) 122(1.25) 166(1.44) 177(1.4) 224(1.98) 214(1.37) 1014(1.45) 0.035
Yes 122(3.43) 127(4.54) 186(5.41) 183(6.05) 135(5.26) 160(5.46) 913(4.99) 0.001
Any illicit psychoactive drug use other than marijuana in the last 12 months No 151(1.27) 155(1.3) 245(1.72) 232(1.55) 253(1.9) 280(1.55) 1316(1.56) 0.020
Yes 83(8.83) 95(13.92) 106(15.19) 127(20.19) 106(18.76) 94(20.2) 610(15.35) 0.000
Perceived health risk for consumption of TSSp No/few problems 67(6.02) 85(5.97) 126(7.10) 107(6.12) 94(8.48) 79(4.85) 557(6.34) 0.699
Quite a few/many problems 120(1.29) 130(1.48) 143(1.47) 164(1.81) 184(2.12) 204(1.66) 946(1.64) 0.009
Perceived availability of TSSp Impossible/very difficult to obtain 29(0.87) 32(0.9) 55(1.26) 49(1.44) 62(1.66) 86(1.55) 313(1.31) 0.004
Easy/very easy to obtain 175(2.7) 175(3.46) 229(4.26) 222(3.97) 196(4.89) 196(3.92) 1193(3.79) 0.000
Information on drugs received at school No 65(1.97) 95(1.99) 102(2.78) 111(3.04) 111(3.47) 101(2.48) 584(2.58) 0.012
Yes 169(1.77) 155(1.97) 213(2.01) 226(1.98) 225(2.21) 242(1.76) 1230(1.94) 0.848
  1. NA not available
  2. aLinear time trend from 2004 to 2014 estimating prevalence of past 30 days nonmedical use of tranquilizer, sedatives and sleeping pills by demographic subgroup