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Table 2 Comparison of outcomes pre- and post-bCPAP

From: Reducing preterm mortality in eastern Uganda: the impact of introducing low-cost bubble CPAP on neonates <1500 g

Characteristic Period pre-bCPAP n = 158, N(%) Period post-bCPAP
n = 219, N(%)
P value, pre vs. post Odds ratio pre vs. post (95% CI)
Outcome in hospital (%)
 - Discharged 79/158 (50.0) 128 (58.4)   
 - Self-discharged 16/158 (10.0) 33 (15.0)   
 - Died 62/158 (39.2) 58/219 (26.5) 0.012 0.56 (0.36–0.86)
 - Unknown 1/158 (0.6) 0   
Hospital stay in days [median (IQR)] 8 (2, 17) 9.5 (4, 19) 0.26  
VLBW (1000-1499 g) mortality 31/130 (31.5) 36/183 (19.7) 0.023 0.53 (0.31–0.92)
ELBW (<1000 g) mortality 21 / 28 (75) 22/36 (61.1) 0.290 0.52 (0.14–1.74)