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Table 1 Demographics and outcomes of VLBW infants treated at the MRRH NNU

From: Reducing preterm mortality in eastern Uganda: the impact of introducing low-cost bubble CPAP on neonates <1500 g

Characteristic Pre-bCPAP period Post-bCPAP period P value, pre vs. post
Number of VLBW patients 158 219
Respiratory support
 - Oxygen only, N(%) 99 (62.7) 114 (52.1)
 - bCPAP, N(%) 0 (0) 56 (25.6)
 - Median (IQR) total days on oxygen and bCPAP (any respiratory support) 1 (0, 2) 2 (1, 4) 0.0000
Male sex (%) 64 (41.5) 107 (48.9) 0.25
Weight [g]
 - Median (IQR) 1230 (1070, 1370) 1210 (1050, 1346) 0.56
 - Range 600–1490 480–1490  
 - VLBW (1000-1499 g) 130/158 (82.3) 183/219 (83.6)  
 - ELBW (< 1000 g) 28/158 (17.2) 36/219 (16.4)  
Mother’s age [years]
 - Median (IQR) 23.5 (20, 30) 22 (19, 27) 0.17
Place of delivery (%)
 - Hospital 89 (56.3) 126 (57.5)  
 - Health Centre 36 (22.8) 69 (31.5)  
 - Private clinic 2 (1.3) 9 (4.1)  
 - Home 17 (10.8) 13 (5.9)  
 - Other 9 (5.7) 0 (0)  
 - Unknown 5 2 (0.9)  
Type of delivery (%)
 - SVD 129 (81.6) 189 (86.3)  
 - Elective CS 1 (0.6) 0 (0)  
 - Emergency CS 25 (15.8) 30 (13.7)  
 - Unknown 3 (1.9) 0  
Resuscitation at birth
 - Yes (%) 51 (32.3) 91 (41.6) 0.13
Admission vitals
 - Temp [°C, mean ± SD) 35.2 ± 1.4 35.2 ± 1.2 0.98
 - Heart rate [beats per min, median (IQR)] 139 (115, 152) 135.5 (119, 146) 0.31
 - Oxygen saturations [%],median (IQR)] 89 (80, 93) 87 (76, 93) 0.21
 - Subcostal recession 47/158 (29.8) 98/219 (44.8) 0.004
 - Severe respiratory distress (sternal recession or grunting) 63/158 (39.9) 96/219 (43.8) 0.461
 - Apnoea 16/158 (10.1) 24/219 (11.0) 0.866
  1. Standard deviation (SD), Interquartile range (IQR)