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Table 4 Breastfeeding at 3 months of age on Febrile Respiratory Infections between 3 and 6 months of age

From: The relationship between breastfeeding and reported respiratory and gastrointestinal infection rates in young children

Factor N % Reporting febrile respiratory infection by whether or not child still breastfeeding at 3 months of age Breastfeeding on odds of Febrile respiratory infection between 3 and 6 months of age
No Yes a-OR 95% CI Interaction
p-value
Gender
 Female N = 3276 24.9% 20.4% 0.66 0.54–0.83  
 Male N = 3418 23.3% 23.9% 0.98 0.80–1.21 0.01
Continent
 US N = 2665 19.1% 15.6% 0.80 0.62–1.03  
 Europe N = 4029 28.9% 26.0% 0.82 0.68–0.99 0.51
Season age 3mo
 Dec – Feb N = 1595 26.9 19.5 0.56 0.41–0.76  
 Mar – May N = 1275 29.9 27.0 0.85 0.64–1.12  
 Jun – Aug N = 1672 24.0 25.6 1.05 0.78–1.43  
 Sept - Nov N = 1730 16.5 16.5 0.83 0.59–1.16 0.02
  1. a-ORs = odds ratio are adjusted (a) for age of mother at birth, maternal education, single child, number of rooms in household, parental working and smoking status when child was 9 months of age, if the child was a first degree relative of a type 1 diabetic individual, whether daycare or social group had started at the last visit and other variable not being examined for interaction (gender, continent or season at 3 months of age). Bold face type indicates statistical significance with a p-value < 0.05