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Table 5 Mediating effect of maternal psychological distress on the relationship between paternal psychological distress and fathers’ involvement in childcare (quality/quantity) (N = 1541)

From: Relationship between paternal psychological distress and involvement in childcare among fathers of preschool-aged children: mediating effect of maternal psychological distress

Involvement in childcare (quality)
Step Independent variable Dependent variable B SE β t(p) R2 F(p)
Step 1 PPD MPD 0.405 .025 0.385 16.344 (<.001) .148 267.111 (<.001)
Step 2 PPD Involvement in childcare (quality) −0.148 .016 −0.236 −9.547 (<.001) .056 91.150 (<.001)
Step 3 PPD Involvement in childcare (quality) −0.128 .017 −0.204 −7.626 (<.001) .062 51.060 (<.001)
MPD −0.051 .016 −0.085 −3.182 (<.001)
Sobel test: Z = 3.128, p = .002
Involvement in childcare (quantity)
Step Independent variable Dependent variable B SE β t(p) R2 F(p)
Step 1 PPD MPD 0.405 .025 0.385 16.344 (<.001) .148 267.111 (<.001)
Step 2 PPD Involvement in childcare (quantity) −0.028 .010 −0.073 −2.884 (0.04) .005 8.316 (.004)
Step 3 PPD Involvement in childcare (quantity) −0.019 .011 −0.048 −1.742 (.082) .009 6.945 (.001)
MPD −0.024 .010 −0.065 −2.370 (.018)
Sobel test: Z = 2.375, p = .018
  1. PPD Paternal Psychological Distress, MPD Maternal Psychological Distress