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Table 2 Medians of country means of HAZ and ECD scores and association between those by HDI groups and regions

From: Physical growth: is it a good indicator of development in early childhood in low- and middle-income countries?

  Median mean HAZ(a) Median mean ECD(b) Median correlation(c) Median SMD(d)
Human development index group
 Low − 1.62 5.31 0.16 0.07
 Medium −1.02 5.98 0.14 0.06
 High −0.40 6.80 0.05 0.01
Region
 East Asia and the Pacific −1.70 6.29 0.08 0.01
 Sub-Sahara Africa −1.47 5.31 0.16 0.07
 Europe and Central Asia −0.15 6.88 0.07 0.05
 Latin America and Caribbean −0.58 6.90 0.15 0.04
 Middle East and North Africa −0.64 5.88 0.04 0.01
 South Asia −1.89 5.66 0.22 0.13
  1. (a)Height-for-age Z score: calculated using the WHO Anthro Version 3.2.2 software (2011)
  2. (b)Early childhood development index
  3. (c)Pearson correlation coefficient between HAZ and standardised ECD score
  4. (d)Standardised mean difference: calculated using a multiple linear regression predicting standardised ECD scores from HAZ taking into account child sex, child age, and household wealth index