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Table 2 Comparison of clinical characteristics between ICU admission on initial PED visit and admission to ICU on return visit

From: ICU admission following an unscheduled return visit to the pediatric emergency department within 72 hours

  ICU admission on initial PED visit ICU admission on return PED visit within 3 days
  Mean ± SEM / N (%) Mean ± SEM / N (%) p-value
Total 1365 136  
Age (in years) 2.2 ± 0.16 3.3 ± 0.39 0.006*
Male 829 (60.7) 89 (65.4) 0.311
Chronic Health Condition 334 (24.5) 44 (32.4) 0.049*
   First PED visit Return PED visit
  Mean ± SEM / N (%) Mean ± SEM / N (%) p-value Mean ± SEM / N (%) p-value
Initial Vital Signs N = 1365 N = 136 N = 136  
 BT (°C) 37.7 ± 0.03 37.4 ± 0.09 0.003 37.4 ± 0.10 0.003
 Heart Rate (/min) 145 ± 0.82 141 ± 2.7 0.161 145 ± 2.6 0.895
 RR (/min) 27 ± 0.2 25 ± 0.4 0.008 26 ± 0.4 0.754
 SBP (mmHg) 98 ± 0.9 107 ± 2.6 0.003 106 ± 3.3 0.007
 DBP (mmHg) 60 ± 0.7 66 ± 2.2 0.030 65 ± 2.5 0.033
Laboratory Tests N = 1313 N = 32 N = 128  
 WBC (k/uL) 13.2 ± 0.53 10.1 ± 0.87 0.367 13.3 ± 1.82 0.987
 Creatinine 0.52 ± 0.045 0.60 ± 0.105 0.841 0.46 ± 0.154 0.633
 Sugar 122 ± 0.9 121 ± 13.4 0.988 136 ± 9.6 0.279
 CRP (mg/L)a 35.3 ± 1.92 4.0 ± 1.53 < 0.001 40.3 ± 6.98 0.471
  1. BT body temperature, RR respiratory rate, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, WBC white blood cell, CRP C-reactive Protein
  2. a CRP was the only parameter to show a significant difference between the first and return PED visits among patients admitted to the ICU on a return visit (p < 0.001)
  3. *Patients admitted to ICU on return visit were older and more were with chronic health condition
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