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Table 3 Effect of socio-economic and demographic factors on anemia among pre-school children in Bangladesh

From: Factors influencing childhood anaemia in Bangladesh: a two level logistic regression analysis

Variable, Group (N, %)Children anemia
No, N (%) 1065(47.7)Yes, N (%) 1166 (52.3)Chi-square valuep-value
Division
 Barisal (242, 10.85)97 (40.1)145 (59.9)16.0630.013
 Chittagong (419, 18.78)201 (48.0)218 (52.0)
 Dhaka (367, 16.45)191 (52.0)176 (48.0)
 Khulna (254, 11.38)116 (45.7)138 (54.3)
 Rajshahi (272, 12.20)138 (50.7)134 (49.3)
 Rangpur (303, 13.58)128 (42.2)175 (57.8)
 Sylhet (374, 16.76)194 (51.9)180 (48.1)
Place of residence
 Urban (672, 30.12)347 (51.6)325 (48.4)5.8640.015
 Rural (1559, 69.88)718 (46.1)841 (53.9)
Mothers’ education
 No education (424, 19.00)197 (46.5)227 (53.5)14.3290.002
 Primary (727, 32.25)328 (45.1)399 (54.9)
 Secondary (926, 41.50)445 (48.1)481 (51.9)
 Higher (154, 6.90)95 (61.7)59 (38.3)
Children’s sex
 Male (1144, 51.28%)536 (46.9)608 (53.1)0.8370.360
 Female (1087, 48.72%)530 (48.8)557 (51.2)
Maternal age (year)
 Age ≤ 20 (402, 18.02)148 (36.8)254 (63.2)23.7970.001
 21 ≤ Age ≤ 29 (1265, 56.70)630 (49.8)635 (50.2)
 30 ≤ Age ≤ 39 (500, 22.41)256 (51.2)244 (48.8)
 Age ≥ 40 (64, 2.87)31 (48.4)33 (51.6)
Total number of children
 1–2 children (1311, 58.77)618 (47.1)693 (52.9)1.5670.457
 3–5 children (787, 32.27)388 (49.3)399 (50.7)
 6 and more children (133, 5.96)59 (44.4)74 (55.6)
Religion
 Muslim (2017, 90.40)983 (48.7)1034 (51.3)8.4170.004
 Non-Muslim (214, 9.60)82 (38.3)132 (61.7)
Household wealth index
 Poor (952, 42.67)392 (41.2)560 (58.8)34.7720.001
 Middle (402, 18.02)191 (47.5)211 (52.5)
 Rich (877, 39.30)482 (55.0)395 (45.0)
Mothers’ anemia status
 Non-anemic (1273, 57.06)696 (54.7)577 (45.3)57.1910.001
 Anemic (958, 42.95)369 (38.5)589 (61.5)
Place of delivery
 Home (1669, 74.81)784 (47.0)885 (53.0)1.5430.214
 Hospital/Clinic (562, 25.19)281 (50.0)281 (50.0)
Children’s birth weight
 Low Birth weight (392, 17.57)187 (47.7)205 (52.3)0.2230.894
 Average (1521,68.17)730 (48.0)791 (52.0)
 Larger than average (318, 14.25)148 (46.5)170 (53.5)
Children’s age (year)
 Age < 2 (732, 32.81)212 (29.0)520 (71.0)164.4370.001
 2 ≤ age < 3 (450, 20.17)231 (51.3)219 (48.7)
 3 ≤ age < 4 (536, 24.03)305 (56.9)231 (43.1)
 4 ≤ age < 5 (513, 22.91)317 (61.8)196 (38.2)
Family members
  ≤ 4 (654, 29.31)314 (46.0)340 (52.0)0.0550.973
 5–10 (1390, 62.30)663 (47.7)727 (52.3)
 11 ≥ (187, 8.38)88 (47.1)99 (52.9)
Toilet facilities
 Hygiene (1163, 52.13)593 (51.0)570 (49.0)10.3010.001
 Unhygienic (1068, 47.87)472 (44.2)596 (55.8)
Children’s nutritional status
 Under weight (910, 40.79)419 (46.0)491 (54.0)24.8160.001
 Normal (1230, 55.13)696 (56.6)534 (43.4)
 Over weight (41, 1.84)25 (61.0)16 (39.0)
 Obese (50, 2.24)30 (60.0)20 (40.0)