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Table 2 Quality of life, sleep, and sports participation among pain groups

From: Associations between number of pain sites and sleep, sports participation, and quality of life: a cross-sectional survey of 1021 youth from the Midwestern United States

  No Pain (n = 484) Single Site Pain (n = 157) Multi-Site Pain (n = 274) Main Effect NPvSSP NPvMSP SSPvMSP
EQ 5D Index Score 0.834 ± 0.15 (0.820–0.847) 0.761 ± 0.17 (0.734–0.788) 0.667 ± 0.21 (0.642–0.693) p < 0.001 p < 0.001 p < 0.001 p < 0.001
Sleep Hours 7.42 ± 1.4 (7.29–7.54) 7.07 ± 1.6 (6.82–7.31) 6.75 ± 1.6 (7.05–7.26) p < 0.001 p = 0.041 p < 0.001 p = 0.099
Sports Participation, N Yes (%) 317 (65.9%) 118 (74.2%) 195 (70.9%) p = 0.099 na na na
Sports Hours/Week 10.2 ± 6.9 (9.4–10.9) 11.2 ± 6.7 (10.0–12.5) 10.9 ± 8.8 (9.6–12.2) p = 0.349 na na na
  1. All variables reported as mean ± standard deviation (95% confidence interval), except for sports participation
  2. NP No Pain, SSP Single-Site Pain, MSP Multi-Site Pain, na not performed