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Table 4 Bivariable and multivariable logistic regression analysis of wasting among SAC in Gondar town public primary schools, northwest Ethiopia, 2017 (n = 523)

From: Prevalence and determinants of stunting and wasting among public primary school children in Gondar town, northwest, Ethiopia

Variable Wasting COR (95% CI) AOR (95%CI) P-value
Wasted Non-Wasted Total
Child’s age 6–10 7 (4.1%) 162 (95.9%) 169 (100) 1   0.002
11–14 40 (11.3%) 314 (88.7%) 354 (100) 2.95 (1.292, 6.728) 3.91(1.62, 9.44) *
Grade Label Grade 1–4 16(6.1%) 245(93.9%) 261 (100) 1 1 0.963
Grade 5–8 31(11.8%) 231(88.2%) 262 (100) 2.06 (1.095,3.857) 0.98(0.42, 2.28)
Maternal/ Care-giver Age ≤34 22(8.5%) 237(91.5%) 259 (100) 0.42(0.21,0.82) 0.34 (0.16,0.71)* 0.001
35–44 8(4.7%) 163(95.3%) 171(100) 0.22(0.09,0.53) 0.17(0.07, 0.42) *
≥45 17(18.3%) 76(81.7%) 93 (100) 1 1
Maternal education No formal education 12(5.2%) 218(94.8%) 230(100) 1 1 0.031
Primary education 19(11.9%) 141(88.1%) 160(100) 2.45 (1.15, 5.20) 2.55(1.15, 5.65) *
Secondary & above 16(12.0%) 117(88.0%) 132 (100) 2.48 (1.14, 5.43) 2.76 (1.19, 6.38) *
Father’s education No formal education 18(8.4%) 196(91.6%) 214(100) 1 1 0.225
Primary education 8(5.6%) 136(94.4%) 144(100) 0.64 (0.27, 1.52) 0.50 (0.20, 1.28)
Secondary& above 21(12.7%) 144(87.3%) 165 (100) 1.59 (0.82, 3.09) 1.10(0.50, 2.42)
Household food security Food secured 33(8.0%) 381(92.0%) 414 (100) 1 1 0.637
Food insecured 14(12.8%) 95(87.2%) 109(100) 1.70(0.88, 3.31) 1.21 (0.56, 2.62)
Wealth index Poor 19 (11.1%) 152 (88.9%) 171(100) 2.13 (0.93, 4.85) 3.23(1.30, 7.93) * 0.038
Medium 19 (10.0%) 171 (90.0%) 190(100) 1.89 (0.83, 4.30) 2.25(0.94, 5.39)
Rich 9 (5.6%) 153 (94.4%) 162(100) 1 1
Water source Piped into dwelling 34(8.9%) 347 (91.1%) 381 (100) 1 1 0.318
Public tab/yard water 9(7.1%) 117(92.9%) 126 (100) 0.79 (0.37, 1.69) 0.82 (0.36, 1.86)
Protected spring/tanker 4(25.0%) 12 (75.0%) 16 (100) 3.40(1.04, 11.13) 2.55(0.64, 10.08)
Child Illness Yes 15(14.2%) 91(85.8%) 106 (100) 1.98(1.03, 3.82) 1.87(0.90, 3.78) 0.082
No 32(7.7%) 385(92.3%) 417 (100) 1 1
Alcohol consumption Yes 8 (19.0%) 34 (81.0%) 42 (100) 2.66 (1.15, 6.14) 2.93(1.16, 7.42)* 0.023
No 39 (8.1%) 441 (91.9%) 480 (100) 1 1
  1. *Indicate statistically significant at p-value 0.05